Problems Related to ADHD
Table of Contents:
- An Introduction to ADHD
- Symptoms of ADHD
- Problems Related to ADHD
- Causes of ADHD
- How is ADHD diagnosed?
- Treatment of ADHD
- Additional Treatments for ADHD
- ADHD in Adults
- Getting Help for ADHD
- Future Directions in ADHD
- Resources for ADHD
ADHD is often present alongside other mental health problems, such as a learning disability or oppositional defiant disorder. When the individual is affected by such disorders, these should be treated in conjunction with ADHD, by a well-qualified mental health professional or team of specifically-trained professionals.
Some of the disorders often linked with ADHD:
About 20 to 30 percent of children with ADHD also have a learning disability (LD). This is a problem that is unexpected given the child’s general intelligence In preschool children, this often appears as a difficulty understanding certain sounds or words and/or difficulty in expressing oneself in words. In school age children, reading or spelling disabilities, problems writing, and arithmetic disorders may appear. One specific type of reading disorder, dyslexia, is quite common. Reading disabilities affect up to eight percent of elementary school children.
A child with ADHD may struggle with learning, but he or she can often learn adequately once successfully treated for the ADHD, whereas a learning disability will need specific treatment.
Occasionally people with ADHD have an inherited neurological disorder called Tourette syndrome. This usually appears in childhood, and is characterized by multiple physical (motor) tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic. These nervous tics and repetitive mannerisms may include eye blinks, facial twitches, grimacing, clearing the throats frequently, snorting, sniffing, or barking out words. These symptoms can be controlled with medication. Although this syndrome is rare, it is common for people with Tourette syndrome to have ADHD. Both disorders will require treatment that may include medications.