The essential feature of Transient Tic Disorder is the presence of single or multiple motor tics and/or vocal tics. The tics occur many times a day.
A tic is a sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization. The vocal tics include various words or sounds such as clicks, grunts, yelps, barks, sniffs, snorts, and coughs.
Specific Symptoms of Transient Tic Disorder
- Single or multiple motor and/or vocal tics (i.e., sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations)
- The tics occur many times a day, nearly every day for at least 4 weeks, but for no longer than 12 consecutive months.
- The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
- The onset is before age 18 years.
- The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., stimulants) or a general medical condition (e.g., Huntington’s disease or postviral encephalitis).
- Criteria have never been met for Tourette’s Disorder or Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder.
Psych Central. (2013). Transient Tic Disorder Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 8, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/transient-tic-disorder-symptoms/
Symptom criteria summarized from:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 26 May 2013
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