The essential feature of Transient Tic Disorder is the presence of single or multiple motor tics and/or vocal tics. The tics occur many times a day.
A tic is a sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization. The vocal tics include various words or sounds such as clicks, grunts, yelps, barks, sniffs, snorts, and coughs.
Specific Symptoms of Transient Tic Disorder
- Single or multiple motor and/or vocal tics (i.e., sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations)
- The tics occur many times a day, nearly every day for at least 4 weeks, but for no longer than 12 consecutive months.
- The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
- The onset is before age 18 years.
- The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., stimulants) or a general medical condition (e.g., Huntington’s disease or postviral encephalitis).
- Criteria have never been met for Tourette’s Disorder or Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder.
Note: this disorder has been replaced in the updated 2013 5th Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and renamed to “Provisional Tic Disorder”. This entry now exists here for historical/informational purposes. See new criteria here.
Psych Central. (2014). Transient Tic Disorder Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 21, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/transient-tic-disorder-symptoms/
Symptom criteria summarized from:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 28 May 2014
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