Sexual Masochism:

Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving the act (real, not simulated) of being humiliated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer.

The fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

  • With asphyxiophilia is a specifier given to the disorder name if the individual engages in the practice of achieving sexual arousal related to restriction of breathing

Sexual Sadism:

Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving acts (real, not simulated) in which the psychological or physical suffering (including humiliation) of the victim is sexually exciting to the person.

The fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

These disorders apply to those who openly acknowledge such interests.

 

 

This disorder has been updated for DSM-5. Diagnostic code 302.83 (masochism), 302.84 (sadism).

 

 

APA Reference
Psych Central. (2014). Sexual Masochism & Sadism Disorder Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 31, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sexual-masochism-sadism-symptoms/

Symptom criteria summarized from:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
        or
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Scientifically Reviewed
    Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 14 Apr 2014
    Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.