As another holiday gift-giving season begins, a new study has discovered an often overlooked factor that can influence whether the person receiving your gift is pleased — how the gift is wrapped.
“When we receive a gift from a friend, we use the wrapping as a cue about the gift inside and form expectations,” said Dr. Jessica Rixom, an assistant professor of marketing at the University of Nevada, Reno. “If it’s wrapped neatly, we set high expectations, and it’s hard for the gift to live up to those expectations.”
The researchers tested this hypothesis by asking study participants to unwrap a gift that was either neatly or sloppily wrapped. Inside, they found either an official Miami Heat or Orlando Magic mug. For this study, the researchers selected participants who were specifically Miami Heat fans but not Orlando Magic fans, so the Heat mug would be the preferred gift.
After unwrapping it, the participants rated how much they liked the gift by answering five questions.
The results showed that recipients had more favorable attitudes toward the sloppily-wrapped gifts — regardless of whether the mug represented their preferred basketball team.
To test whether expectations were in fact influencing recipients’ attitudes toward a gift, the researchers conducted another experiment in which participants saw images of either a neatly or sloppily wrapped gift. They indicated their expectations for the gift and then saw what was inside: A pair of JVC earbuds. Then they rated whether the gift matched their expectations.
The results showed that the expectations were significantly higher for the neatly wrapped gifts than the poorly wrapped gifts, but the attitudes toward the gifts after opening them were lower for the neatly wrapped gifts.
Although gifts wrapped with imperfect paper creases and lopsided bows may be beneficial for gifts exchanged between friends, the researchers discovered that this was not the case between acquaintances.
A third experiment showed that when relationships are less established —acquaintances rather than friends — the gift recipients use the neatness of the wrapping paper as a cue to sense the gift giver’s value of the relationship. Gifts that are nicely wrapped suggest that the gift giver views the relationship as important, and this positivity increases the chances that the recipient will like the gift, according to the researchers.
These findings could be useful when gift givers are deciding how much time to invest in wrapping a present or whether to pay for wrapping services at a store or mall, according to the researchers.
“If someone is questioning whether a gift is desirable for a friend and they try to make it more appealing by wrapping it well, this strategy may backfire in the end,” Rixom said. “On the other hand, it may be wise to go the extra mile with wrapping when giving a gift to an acquaintance.”
The study was published the Journal of Consumer Psychology.
Source: Society for Consumer Psychology