Preliminary results from a new study show that people with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea were more likely to have experienced multiple involuntary job losses.
Compared to participants who did not have sleep apnea, those with moderate-to-severe sleep apnea were more than twice as likely to have a history of multiple job layoffs or firings, according to researchers.
“These results suggest that undetected obstructive sleep apnea could have long-term, negative effects on vocational functioning,” said principal investigator Patricia Haynes, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of Health Promotion Sciences at the University of Arizona in Tucson.
Nearly 30 million adults in the U.S. have obstructive sleep apnea, a chronic disease that involves the repeated collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Common warning signs include snoring, choking, or gasping during sleep.
Untreated sleep apnea can cause excessive daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and impairments in cognitive functioning, researchers explain.
The researcher’s analysis of data from the ongoing Assessing Daily Activity Patterns through occupational Transitions (ADAPT) study involved 261 participants with an average age of 41 years. Women made up 58 percent of the participants.
According to the researchers, 73 percent received hourly wages rather than a salary, and about 45 percent of the participants had a history of multiple job losses.
Breathing during sleep was evaluated with a home sleep apnea test, which revealed that 42 percent had at least mild sleep apnea.