In recent years, American gun owners have become far more politically active, not only in voting but in donating money to candidates and contacting elected officials, according to new findings being presented at the American Political Science Association’s annual meeting in Boston.
Researchers at the University of Kansas (KU) looked at the political behavior of gun owners versus non-gun owners in presidential election years from 1972 to 2012. Primarily, they found that gun owners have increasingly become more politically active during that time.
The findings could be key in explaining why major gun control legislation in Congress has remained elusive, even after numerous mass shootings have occurred in these years and the majority of Americans support stricter gun laws.
“Part of the reason majority opinions on gun control legislation aren’t turning into policy is that gun owners are a very strong political group who hold a lot of weight and hold a lot of influence despite being a minority in American politics,” said Abbie Vegter, a graduate student in political science.
Vegter conducted the research with KU political science professors Drs. Don Haider-Markel and Mark Joslyn, both of whom have published several studies on gun politics in recent decades.
“Our major conclusion establishes gun owners as a distinct social group, and we see how that social group influences their likelihood of participating in politics,” Vegter said.
And while much of the political conversation surrounding guns tends to focus on large groups like the National Rifle Association’s influence, Vegter said the study’s results paint a different picture.
“Only one in five gun owners belong to the NRA, so we think there is something else going on than just the NRA when it comes to mobilization,” she said.
One explanation could be shifting reasons for owning a gun and how more individuals tend to see owning a gun as part of their identity. “Owning a gun for hunting doesn’t necessarily mean being a hunter is a core part of your identity,” she said.
“But owning a gun because you think it’s an essential right guaranteed in the Constitution is more a part of your political identity. It’s something more attached from the get-go to politics.”
The researchers are still investigating what has driven this shift in attitude among gun owners, whether it was in response to past gun control legislation at the state level or a reaction to certain candidates who were elected who had stronger views about gun control.
Conservatives seem to have done a good job at recognizing this trend and seeking to politically mobilize gun owners in campaign ads and other actions, she said.
“There are a couple of lessons. For individuals, especially individual gun control advocates, in order to make a difference, you need to match this level of mobilization and participation,” Vegter said. “There is also a lesson there for politicians who I think traditionally have not seen gun owners as a political group to be addressed.”
One development to watch will be the opposite type of activity, especially among students who survived the February 14 shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. Many of them have advocated in campaigns and in national media for stricter gun control policies, which has kept the issue in the forefront longer than what typically occurs after a high-profile mass shooting, Vegter said.
“There has been this sustained attention,” she said, “and I think the true test will be that mobilization piece.”
Source: University of Kansas