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Youth Suicide Attempts on the Rise

Study: Suicidal Thoughts, Attempts Among Kids Doubled in 7 Years

New research finds the number of school-age children and adolescents hospitalized for suicidal thoughts or attempts has more than doubled from 2008 to 2015. Seasonal trends and gender variations were also discovered.

The study looked at trends in emergency room and inpatient encounters for suicide ideation and attempts in children ages 5-17 years at U.S. children’s hospitals.

Information from the study was initially presented last spring at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies with the study now published in the Journal of Pediatrics.

During the study period, researchers identified 115,856 encounters for suicide ideation and attempts in emergency departments at 31 children’s hospitals. Nearly two-thirds of those encounters were girls.

While increases were seen across all age groups, they were highest among teens ages 15-17, followed by ages 12-14.

Just over half of the encounters were children ages 15-17; another 37 percent were children ages 12-14; and 12.8 percent were children ages 5-11. Seasonal variation was also seen consistently across the period, with October accounting for nearly twice as many encounters as reported in July.

Researchers used a novel approach to detect the ominous trend. Researchers pulled data from the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) focusing on billing codes to identify emergency department encounters, observation stays and inpatient hospitalizations tied to suicide ideation and attempts.

In addition to looking at overall suicide ideation and attempt rates in school-age children and adolescents, the researchers analyzed the data month-by-month and found seasonal trends in the encounters. Peaks for encounters among the groups were highest in the fall and spring, and lowest in the summer.

“To our knowledge, this is one of only a few studies to report higher rates of hospitalization for suicide during the academic school year,” said study lead author Greg Plemmons, M.D., associate professor of clinical pediatrics at Vanderbilt University.

Rates were lowest in summer, a season which has historically seen the highest numbers in adults, suggesting that youth may face increased stress and mental health challenges when school is in session.

Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents in the United States, preceded only by accidents and homicides, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“The growing impact of mental health issues in pediatrics on hospitals and clinics can no longer be ignored,” said Plemmons, “particularly in a time when mental health resources for children appear to be static, and woefully scarce across the U.S.”

Source: Vanderbilt University/EurekAlert

Study: Suicidal Thoughts, Attempts Among Kids Doubled in 7 Years

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Study: Suicidal Thoughts, Attempts Among Kids Doubled in 7 Years. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 18, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2018/05/17/study-suicidal-thoughts-attempts-among-kids-doubled-in-7-years/135459.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 17 May 2018
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 17 May 2018
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.