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Nearly 80 Genes Linked to Depression

Nearly 80 Genes Linked to Depression

United Kingdom scientists have identified nearly 80 genes associated with depression, a finding that could help explain why some people may be at a higher risk of developing the condition.

Experts believe the findings could also help researchers develop drugs to tackle mental disorders.

Depression affects one in five people in the U.K. every year and is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Life events such as trauma or stress can contribute to its onset, but it is not clear why some people are more likely to develop the condition than others.

In the new study, University of Edinburgh scientists led the investigation which analyzed data from UK Biobank, a research resource containing health and genetic information for half a million people.

The scientists scanned the genetic code of 300,000 people to identify areas of DNA that could be linked to depression.

Researchers discovered that some of the pinpointed genes are known to be involved in the function of synapses, tiny connectors that allow brain cells to communicate with each other through electrical and chemical signals.

The scientists then confirmed their findings by examining anonymized data held by the personal genetics and research company 23andMe, used with the donors’ consent.

The study, funded by Wellcome Trust is a part of the Stratifying Resilience and Depression Longitudinally investigation, a nearly $7 million government project to better understand depression.

Findings appear in the journal Nature Communications.

Research leader Professor Andrew McIntosh of the University of Edinburgh’s Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, explains: “Depression is a common and often severe condition that affects millions of people worldwide.┬áThese new findings help us better understand the causes of depression and show how the UK Biobank study and big data research has helped advance mental health research.

“We hope that the UK’s growing health data research capacity will help us to make major advances in our understanding of depression in coming years.”

Dr. David Howard, research fellow at the University of Edinburgh’s Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences and lead author of the study, said, “This study identifies genes that potentially increase our risk of depression, adding to the evidence that it is partly a genetic disorder.

“The findings also provide new clues to the causes of depression and we hope it will narrow down the search for therapies that could help people living with the condition.”

Source: University of Edinburgh/EurekAlert

Nearly 80 Genes Linked to Depression

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Nearly 80 Genes Linked to Depression. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2018/04/18/nearly-80-genes-linked-to-depression/134719.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 18 Apr 2018
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 18 Apr 2018
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.