advertisement
Home » News » In Fighting Obesity, How Moms Talk to Kids May Make a Difference
In Fighting Obesity, How Moms Talk to Kids May Make a Difference

In Fighting Obesity, How Moms Talk to Kids May Make a Difference

In a familiar scene at a birthday party, a child goes back for a second cupcake or piece of cake, and a parent says he has had enough sweets. But the response may differ family to family. In a small new study, researchers found caregivers of obese children may be more likely to use direct statements to restrict a child’s eating.

A research team led by University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital videotaped 237 mothers and children who were seated alone in a room and presented with different types of foods, including chocolate cupcakes.

Direct commands like “only eat one” were more often used among mothers of children with obesity while eating dessert. Meanwhile, mothers of children who did not have obesity were more likely to guide children with indirect comments such as, “That’s too much. You haven’t had dinner.”

Which approach is best?

“Current child obesity guidelines remain silent on how parents should talk to their children about limiting food intake,” said lead author Megan Pesch, M.D., a developmental and behavioral pediatrician.

“There is some conflicting advice on the best approach. On one hand, overly restricting food could backfire and actually lead to overeating. But parents also want to encourage healthy habits. We wanted to study these family dynamics to see how adults try to get kids to eat less junk food.”

Pesch notes that in most other areas of child development, such as discipline and sleep, direct and firm imperatives are linked with improved child compliance and behaviors. But when it comes to food, expert advice is more mixed.

“Indirect or subtle statements don’t seem to work as well in general parenting,” she says. “Direct messages are usually easier for kids to interpret and understand where the limits are. But there’s more sensitivity around how to talk to children about eating and weight.

“To our knowledge, there are also no studies that have examined the impact of parental direct imperatives in restricting a child’s intake of unhealthy food,” Pesch adds.

The study, which appears in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, included low-income, female primary caregivers with children ranging from ages four to eight. Ninety-five percent of caregivers were biological mothers, with the remainder mostly including grandmothers and stepmothers.

Pesch said there’s sometimes a stereotype that parents of children with obesity are less conscious of their child’s eating habits, but the observational study helps debunk some of those misconceptions.

“There’s often this perception that parents of children with obesity let their kids eat voraciously and don’t manage their child’s diet,” she said. Interestingly, researchers found that this was not the case.

“But the mothers we observed were on it. They were attentive and actively trying to get their children to eat less junk food. These mothers may be quite invested in wanting their children to have the best possible health outcomes,” said Pesch.

“The finding that mothers of children with obesity used more direct imperatives to restrict eating may have important implications for practice guidelines and future research,” she said. “Direct imperatives may in fact have a healthy, adaptive role in approaches to feeding to prevent childhood obesity, but we have to do more work to understand the nuances.”

“So many of the guidelines are focused on what not to do,” Pesch said.

“There’s a lot of emphasis on what parents shouldn’t be doing and what doesn’t work. We hope to find better answers to the ultimate question of what parents should do to help set their child up for healthy eating long-term.”

Future research will study what language and communication tactics are most effective in encouraging healthy eating among children.

Source: University of Michigan

In Fighting Obesity, How Moms Talk to Kids May Make a Difference

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). In Fighting Obesity, How Moms Talk to Kids May Make a Difference. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 16, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2018/01/10/in-fighting-obesity-how-moms-talk-to-kids-may-make-a-difference/131057.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 10 Jan 2018
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 10 Jan 2018
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.