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Food Cues May Hike Cravings, Lead to Overeating

Food Cues May Hike Cravings, Lead to Overeating

As the holidays approach, so do the challenges for keeping weight under control. But food cues can nudge some customers to overeat due to increased cravings and hunger, a new University of Michigan study suggests.

University of Michigan researchers discovered food cues, be it the aroma of juicy burgers and crispy fries, or the eye-catching menu signs with delicious food pictures, can tempt many hungry patrons to stop at fast-food restaurants.

“Food-related cues can make people want or crave food more, but don’t have as much of an impact on their liking, or the pleasure they get from eating the food,” said Michelle Joyner, a University of Michigan psychology graduate student and study’s lead author.

Researchers followed 112 college participants, who disclosed their weight, race, gender, and other demographic characteristics. All were randomly assigned to a fast-food laboratory designed like an actual restaurant with tables/chairs, booths, and low background music, or a neutral lab.

Participants, who ate lunch one hour before the study’s trial, could receive tokens to acquire foods typically available at fast-food restaurants, such as a cheeseburger, french fries, milkshake, and soft drink.

Tokens could also buy time for an alternate activity, such as playing video games on a tablet. Both the food and game choices appeared on large TV screens.

The study questions focused on wanting, liking and hunger. Researches explain the “wanting” is a strong motivation while “liking” involves pleasure.

When exposed to food-related cues, participants felt more hungry in the fast-food lab than the neutral environment. The cues, however, did not make a difference in participants liking the food’s taste in either environment.

The investigators found that people consumed 220 more calories in fast-food environments that have food-related cues than those who ate in non-cue locations. Joyner said food cues did not impact wanting or liking for games, suggesting the effect is specific to food.

Joyner and colleagues said it’s important for people to arm themselves with knowledge about how food cues can trick them into thinking they are hungry and increasing their desire for food.

“It is hard it is to avoid food cues in our current environment, but people can try some strategies to minimize their exposure by not going into restaurants and using technology to skip food advertisements in TV shows,” Joyner said.

Source: University of Michigan/EurekAlert

Food Cues May Hike Cravings, Lead to Overeating

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2017). Food Cues May Hike Cravings, Lead to Overeating. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2017/11/22/food-cues-may-hike-cravings-lead-to-overeating/129094.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 22 Nov 2017
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 22 Nov 2017
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.