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Sexual Harassment at Work Called Pervasive, Chronic

Sexual Harassment at Work Called Pervasive, Chronic

Despite the public uproar over recent events in Hollywood and on Capitol Hill, sexual harassment in the workplace is not a new issue. Such behavior is a pervasive, chronic problem that can cause enduring psychological harm, according to the president of the American Psychological Association (APA).

“Sexual harassment in the workplace is a significant occupational health psychology problem,” said Antonio E. Puente, Ph.D., president of the APA.

“Psychological research has offered understanding into the causes of workplace harassment, as well as some strategies for preventing or reducing it. However, there is limited research regarding the characteristics of harassers, which makes it difficult to predict who will do it and where and when it might happen.

“What we do know is that harassers tend to lack a social conscience and engage in manipulative, immature, irresponsible, and exploitative behaviors.”

Prior research has shown that sexual harassment is primarily aimed at women, but men are also targets of such behavior. Perpetrators of sexual harassment in the workplace are not only supervisors/superiors but are also coworkers, subordinates, customers, and clients, Puente said.

According to the 2017 article “Sexual Harassment: Have We Made Any Progress?” published in theĀ Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, women tend to report more adverse effects than men after experiencing workplace sexual harassment. These may include anxiety, depression, eating disorders, drug and alcohol abuse, post-traumatic stress, and a lower level of overall happiness.

Women are more likely to report sexual harassment than men, according to the article, but “studies indicate that men may be at a higher risk of mental health issues and depression.”

Indeed, men in the military are 10 times more likely to experience sexual harassment than civilian men, but an estimated 81 percent of military men who are harassed do not report it, the articles added.

Organizational climate is a strong predictor of workplace sexual harassment and can include situations where men outnumber women, where supervisors are predominantly male, and where there is a sense among employees that complaints will not be taken seriously. Research has shown that hierarchical power dynamics are at the root of sexual harassment.

“Psychology can help, in the form of sexual harassment training, but it only works if it is part of a comprehensive, committed effort to combat the problem,” Puente said. “Most research points to sanctions as the primary way that organizations can be less tolerant of harassment.

“Organizations need to be proactive in establishing policies prohibiting sexual harassment, raising employee awareness, establishing reporting procedures, and educating employees about these policies. More research is needed to identify the antecedents to harassment that will help employees and managers identify and respond appropriately.”

Source: American Psychological Association

Sexual Harassment at Work Called Pervasive, Chronic

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2017). Sexual Harassment at Work Called Pervasive, Chronic. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2017/11/20/regrettably-sexual-harassment-in-the-workplace-persists/129000.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 20 Nov 2017
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 20 Nov 2017
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.