A new survey finds nearly half of American workers express concern about the changing nature of work. Although most workers report that they have the skills they need to perform their current job well, those without supervisor support for career development are more likely to distrust their employer and plan on leaving within the next year.
The American Psychological Association’s “2017 Job Skills Training and Career Development Survey,” was conducted online by Harris Poll, and surveyed 1,076 U.S. adults who are employed full or part time.
“Employee growth and development is a key element of a psychologically healthy workplace, but it’s often overlooked in employers’ workplace well-being efforts,” said David Ballard, Psy.D., M.B.A., head of APA’s Center for Organizational Excellence.
“Our surveys of the U.S. workforce consistently find that training and development is one of the areas employees are least satisfied with. The lack of opportunity for growth and advancement is second only to low pay as a source of work stress.
“In a rapidly changing work environment, making participation in job-related training and career development activities an expectation and preparing employees for a successful future are one way to protect workers and enhance our nation’s workforce readiness.”
For employees whose supervisors do not support and encourage their career development, only 15 percent say their employer provides opportunities for them to develop the technical skills they will need in the future.
Furthermore, only 20 percent say their employer provides training in necessary “soft skills,” such as teamwork and communication, and just eight percent report having the opportunity to develop necessary leadership and management skills.
Lack of supervisor support for career development was also linked to important organizational outcomes. For working Americans without supervisor support:
- less than half (48 percent) say they are motivated to do their best at work (vs. 88 percent who report having supervisor support);
- 39 percent are satisfied with their job (vs. 86 percent);
- 16 percent say their company or organization makes them feel valued (vs. 80 percent);
- 22 percent would recommend their organization as a good place to work (vs. 79 percent), and;
- more than half of U.S. workers say they do not trust their employer (56 percent) and intend to seek employment outside the organization within the next year (53 percent).
As talk of automation, artificial intelligence, and skills retraining dominate conversations about the future of jobs, 43 percent of employed Americans say they are concerned about the changing nature of work.
As a whole, 87 percent of working Americans report that they have the skills they need to perform their current job well, and 61 percent say their employer is providing opportunities for development of the technical and soft skills needed in the future.
But fewer (52 percent) report they have adequate time for career development activities and only half (50 percent) say their employer provides career development opportunities that meet their needs and sufficient opportunities for advancement (50 percent).
The survey also found differences between how men and women view their opportunities for training and career development, with women faring worse than men.
Both men (89 percent) and women (85 percent) report that they have the technical skills necessary to perform their current jobs well, but fewer women than men report that their employer is providing them with opportunities to develop the technical, soft or leadership skills they’ll need in the future.
The gender perception of skill training is revealing:
- 68 percent of men said their employer provides training for technical skills needed in the future (vs. 53 percent of women);
- 65 percent of men report trainings for future-needed soft skills (vs. 56 percent of women);
- and 60 percent of men report opportunities for them to develop the leadership and management skills they’ll need (vs. 47 percent of women).
Despite these differences, fewer women than men are concerned about the changing nature of work (37 percent of women vs. 49 percent of men) and women and men equally (77 percent) feel motivated to do their best at work.
An education divide also seems to persist as the survey highlights gaps between employees with and without a college degree. Nearly three-fourths (74 percent) of employees with a college degree said their employer values training and development while 64 percent of those without one said the same.
Regarding technical skills needed for the future, 72 percent of those with college degrees said their employer provides opportunities for training and development vs. 52 percent without a degree.
“While there are many uncertainties about the future of work, research is clear that employees and organizations benefit from an emphasis on growth and development,” Ballard said.