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Is It OK to Share Bed with Pets and Kids?

Is It OK to Share Bed with Pets and Kids?

New research suggests the concern over negative repercussions from sharing a bed with a pet, or even kids, is a Western belief without substance.

Despite the cultural apprehension, about half of all pet owners share their beds or bedrooms with their pets at night. Although this has been the case through the ages, remarkably few studies have been done about the benefits and drawbacks of this practice.

Studies about co-sleeping are limited to the bedtime arrangements of adults, or parents and their children.

In an article in the journal Human Nature, the authors argue that society regards both human-animal and adult-child co-sleeping with the same unnecessary trepidation.

These concerns should, however, be set aside because both practices have their benefits, said lead author Dr. Bradley Smith of Central Queensland University in Australia.

Sleeping arrangements between humans have evolved over time and across cultures.

In medieval Europe, for instance, sleep was a public and communal affair. It was not uncommon to receive visitors in the bedroom, or for many people to sleep in the same bed. Sleeping with others was a way to increase personal security, conserve resources, and generate warmth.

Sleeping with children from birth is still the norm in many cultures, for instance in Egypt and among indigenous cultures in unindustrialized populations. Intergenerational co-sleeping is generally more prevalent in collectivist Asian countries than in contemporary, individualistic, or industrialized Western cultures.

In the West, sleep is nowadays regarded as an individual and private experience that helps the body and mind to optimally rest and recuperate.

The normative shift from sleep as a public and social affair to a private one arose through a complex “civilizing” process starting in the Victorian era.

Social norms and rules began to dictate that each person should sleep in a single bed, in a private place away from public view, and wear appropriate sleeping attire. This gradually introduced the concept of the private bedroom and private sleep to many social classes.

In their paper, Smith and his co-authors use dogs as an example of human-animal co-sleeping.

They compare human-canine sleeping with adult-child co-sleeping and argue that both forms of co-sleeping share common factors for establishment and maintenance, and have similar advantages and disadvantages.

According to the Australian researchers, current apprehension about human-animal co-sleeping and bed sharing between parents and their children focuses too much on possible negative aspects or consequences, such as poor health, impaired functioning, the development of problematic behavior, and even sexual dysfunction.

“Apart from its clear reproductive function for the survival of the species, as well as physiological support for the quality and quantity of sleep that are essential to individual health and well-being, co-sleeping fulfills basic psychological needs and reinforces and maintains social relations,” Smith said.

“Throughout history, humans have shared their sleeping spaces with other humans and other animals.”

“We propose that human-animal and adult-child co-sleeping should be approached as legitimate and socially relevant forms of co-sleeping,” he said. Smith believes that more research should be done on human-animal co-sleeping practices.

“Moreover, a comprehensive understanding of human-animal co-sleeping has significant implications for human sleep, human-animal relations, and animal welfare.”

Source: Springer

Is It OK to Share Bed with Pets and Kids?

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2017). Is It OK to Share Bed with Pets and Kids?. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 20, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2017/06/26/is-it-ok-to-share-bed-with-pets-and-kids/122452.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 26 Jun 2017
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 26 Jun 2017
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.