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Low Self-Esteem Challenges Relationship Satisfaction

Low Self-Esteem Challenges Relationship Satisfaction

New research discovers people with low self-esteem often make relationship sacrifices that they believe are unappreciated. The regret can cause more negative mood, greater stress, and lower life satisfaction over time.

Specifically, in a series of studies, social psychologists in the Netherlands show that people with low self-esteem can feel vulnerable in their relationship, including feeling insecure about their partner’s support and love.

As such, they make relationship sacrifices which can cause regret.

“Low self-esteem partners desire strong interpersonal connections like everybody else but they are very sensitive to rejection and interpersonal threats,” says lead author Francesca Righetti (VU University Amsterdam).

“They underestimate how positively they are viewed by their partner and how much their partner loves and cares for them. They also tend to think that others are not there for them, not available to provide support when in need.”

These doubts can influence mood, stress, and life satisfaction.

Study results appear in the journal, Social Psychological and Personality Science.

The researchers tested the idea that when low self-esteem individuals decide to sacrifice personal preferences for their relationship, they come to regret those actions, with further consequences for their wellbeing.

130 couples in the Netherlands participated in the study, first filling out emotional assessments every two hours for eight days and a daily dairy at the end of the day, and were then contacted a year later.

The couples spoke Dutch, had no children, and had been together at least four months. Most weren’t married.

The results showed that low self-esteem is related to greater regret of past sacrifices, which in turn, affects negative mood, stress, and life satisfaction.

“Further analyses revealed that low self-esteem individuals feel less supported by the partner after they sacrifice which helps explain why they come to regret their sacrifices,” says Righetti.

Based on their research, the issue isn’t how much or how often they sacrifice, “People with low self-esteem sacrifice in their relationship as much as people high in self-esteem,” says Righetti.

“However, they are more likely to regret those sacrifices and this leads them to experience more negative mood, greater stress, and lower life satisfaction, even over time.”

Righetti’s advice, “If you have a low self-esteem partner, try to show much appreciation and gratitude after s/he sacrificed. S/he needs reassurance that you have noticed and appreciated the efforts.

If you are low in self-esteem yourself, try not to assume that your partner did not notice what you have done for the relationship. Perhaps, talk together (in a constructive manner!) about what you have done for him/her and what it has entailed for you.”

Source: Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Low Self-Esteem Challenges Relationship Satisfaction

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Low Self-Esteem Challenges Relationship Satisfaction. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 3, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 19 May 2017)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
Published on Psych All rights reserved.