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Horse-riding May Enhance Children’s Ability to Learn

Horse-riding May Enhance Children’s Ability to Learn

New research suggests vibrations produced by horses during horse-riding lead to the activation of the sympathetic nervous system. Stimulation of this nervous system, in turn, is theorized to improve learning in children.

“We wanted to look into these effects because previous studies have demonstrated the benefits of horseback riding with respect to enhancing physical health and the mental effects, but few studies have addressed the effects of horseback riding on children and the mechanisms underlying how riding affects humans” says Mitsuaki Ohta, professor of Tokyo University of Agriculture.

Ohta and his research team examined the effects of horseback riding on the performance of children by having them complete simple tests directly before and after horse-riding, while measuring the children’s heart rate in response to movements created by the horses.

The findings from the study appear in the journal Frontiers in Public Health.

Investigators tested the behavioral reactions of the children by use of a ‘Go/No-go’ test, which assesses cognitive response using fast computerized questions.

The test determined the children’s ability to appropriately respond in a situation, by either performing an action or demonstrating self-control. The children were also asked to complete simple arithmetic problems to test their mental performance.

The results showed that riding on some horses greatly improved the ability of the children to perform the behavioral tasks, but less of an effect was seen on the children’s results when solving arithmetic problems.

Ohta believes this difference in results may be due to the simplicity of the mathematical test, as increases in heart rate were only associated with the behavioral test.

“The Go/No-go tasks might be harder than the arithmetic problems and thus cause a more extensive activation of the sympathetic nervous system, since increases in heart rate were associated with the improved performance of Go/No-go tasks, but not arithmetic problems,” he explains.

These results mean that the act of horse-riding could improve cognitive abilities in children. These are brain-based skills of which an improvement can lead to enhanced learning, memory, and problem-solving.

So, what is specific in the movement of horse-riding that leads to these improvements?

“One important characteristic of the horse steps is that they produce three-dimensional accelerations. The movement of the horse’s pelvis may provide motor and sensory inputs to the human body and in this study, I believe some of the differences among the rider’s performances might be due to these accelerations,” Ohta explains.

That is, the cognitive enhancements may be due to the vibrations produced from the horse’s motion activating parts of the sympathetic nervous system, leading to improved behavioral test results.

While it is important to consider that the results could vary based on the horses or breeds, and that a lot of children do not have easy access to horse-riding classes, researchers believe some benefits could be acquired from interactions with more attainable pet interactions.

“There are many possible effects of human-animal interactions on child development,” Ohta suggests.

He believes contact with animals can stimulate the child as they must make considered decisions or come to sensible conclusions and learn to appreciate and respond to complex emotional influences and non-verbal communication.

Source: Frontiers/EurekAlert

Horse-riding May Enhance Children’s Ability to Learn

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2017). Horse-riding May Enhance Children’s Ability to Learn. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 13, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2017/03/03/horse-riding-may-enhance-childrens-ability-to-learn/117138.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 3 Mar 2017
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 3 Mar 2017
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.