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Collaborative Care Helps Adults with Depressive Symptoms

Collaborative Care Helps Adults with Depressive Symptoms

New research finds that collaborative care, often conducted via telephone or in a telehealth environment, can benefit older adults with sub-threshold depression — those with some depressive symptoms but not a full-blown depression diagnosis.

Experts explain that depressive disorders are present in about 10 percent of primary care patients and account for more years lived with disability than any single disease. Nearly three-quarters of all outpatient visits for depression are to primary care clinicians rather than to mental health specialists.

Although depression is the second leading cause of disability worldwide, only one in seven older people meet criteria for depression. As such, effective therapeutic strategies are needed in older people with depressive symptoms.

Collaborative care is a therapeutic intervention in which behavioral health is integrated into primary care, most commonly using a nurse care manager to monitor depressive symptoms in depressed patients and adjust treatment under the supervision of a psychiatrist.

In the JAMA study, Simon Gilbody, Ph.D., of the University of York, England, and colleagues randomly assigned 705 adults age 65 years or older with subthreshold depression to collaborative care or usual primary care.

Collaborative care was coordinated by a case manager who assessed functional impairments relating to mood symptoms. Participants were offered behavioral activation and completed an average of six weekly sessions.

Many of the nurse contacts were conducted by telephone, thereby increasing the efficiency of collaborative care.

Collaborative care resulted in lower scores vs usual care at four month follow-up on measures of self-reported depression severity. The proportion of participants meeting criteria for depression were lower for collaborative care (17.2 percent) than usual care (23.5 percent) at four month follow-up, and at 12-month follow-up (15.7 percent vs 27.8 percent).

“Although differences persisted through 12 months, findings are limited by attrition, and further research is needed to assess longer-term efficacy,” the authors write.

Source: JAMA/EurekAlert

Collaborative Care Helps Adults with Depressive Symptoms

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2017). Collaborative Care Helps Adults with Depressive Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 18, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2017/02/22/collaborative-care-helps-adults-with-depressive-symptoms/116756.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 22 Feb 2017
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 22 Feb 2017
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.