Self-Compassion May Ease Transition to College

In a new study, investigators from the University of British Columbia (UBC) found that first-year college students who reported more self-compassion also felt more energetic, alive, and optimistic at school.

When the students’ sense of self-compassion levels rose, so too did their engagement and motivation with life.

“Our study suggests the psychological stress students may experience during the transition between high school and university can be mitigated with self-compassion because it enhances the psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness, which in turn, enriches well-being,” said Dr. Katie Gunnell, the study’s lead author.

Self-compassion emphasizes self-kindness, which means to not be overly critical of oneself; common humanity, which means to recognize failure is universal; and mindfulness, which means being present and calm in the moment.

The observational study took place over a five-month period with 189 first-year UBC students who completed self-report questionnaires.

Self-compassion interventions can involve exercises to avoid negative self-judgment or feelings of inadequacy. One example involves writing self-compassionately about a negative experience.

“Research shows first-year university is stressful,” said co-author and UBC kinesiology professor Dr. Peter Crocker.

“Students who are used to getting high grades may be shocked to not do as well in university, feel challenged living away from home, and are often missing important social support they had in high school. Self-compassion appears to be an effective strategy or resource to cope with these types of issues.”

Crocker said his research group has previously shown that self-compassion interventions lower self-criticism and negative ruminations in high performance female athletes.

The researchers said their findings highlight the potential for colleges and universities to enhance self-compassion for first-year students through the development of workshops or campaigns.

The study appears in the journal Personality and Individual Differences.

Source: University of British Columbia