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Tips to Avoid Facebook Depression

Tips to Avoid Facebook Depression

New research suggests that comparing yourself with others on Facebook is more likely to lead to feelings of depression than making social comparisons offline.

The finding comes from new research on the relationship between social networking and depression.

In the review, Lancaster University researchers David Baker and Dr Guillermo Perez Algorta, examined a host of studies on the topic. The international review evaluated research articles from 14 countries including 35,000 participants aged between 15 and 88.

Amazingly, 1.8 billion people participate in online social networking sites worldwide, with Facebook alone having more than one billion active users.

Concerns over the effect on mental health led the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 to define “Facebook depression” as a “depression that develops when preteens and teens spend a great deal of time on social media sites, such as Facebook, and then begin to exhibit classic symptoms of depression.”

The Lancaster University review of existing research found that the relationship between online social networking and depression may be very complex and associated with factors like age and gender.

In cases where there is a significant association with depression, this is because comparing yourself with others can lead to “rumination” or overthinking. Findings include:

  • Negative comparison with others when using Facebook was found to predict depression via increased rumination;
  • Frequent posting on Facebook was found to be associated with depression via rumination.

However, the frequency, quality, and type of online social networking is also important, say the researchers. Investigators discovered Facebook users were more at risk of depression when they:

  • Felt envy triggered by observing others;
  • Accepted former partners as Facebook friends;
  • Made negative social comparisons;
  • Made frequent negative status updates.

Gender and personality also influenced the risk, with women and people with neurotic personalities more likely to become depressed.

Nevertheless, the relationship between online activity and mental health is complex as some research shows that online activity could also help people with depression.

In fact, researchers discovered some individuals use online social media as a mental health resource and as a channel to enhance social support.

Source: Lancaster University/Alphagalileo

Tips to Avoid Facebook Depression

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2016). Tips to Avoid Facebook Depression. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2016/12/02/tips-to-avoid-facebook-depression/113325.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 2 Dec 2016
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 2 Dec 2016
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.