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Needless Worry May Increase Risk for Heart Disease

Needless Worry May Increase Risk for Heart Disease

New research finds the anxiety expressed by the “worried well” may actually be boosting their risk of heart disease.

That is, people who needlessly worry that they have, or will develop, serious illness — popularly referred to as “the worried well” — may be boosting their risk of developing heart disease.

The research findings are published in the online journal BMJ Open. Researchers explain that anxiety is a known risk factor for heart disease.

And health anxiety, which describes persistent preoccupation with having or acquiring a serious illness, and seeking prompt medical advice, on the basis of misattributed bodily symptoms in the absence of any physical disease, seems to be no exception.

And as such, it needs to be taken seriously and treated properly.

Investigators base their findings on 7052 participants of the Norwegian Hordaland Health Study (HUSK), a long term collaborative research project between the National Health Screening Service, the University of Bergen, and local health services.

The participants, all of whom were born between 1953 and 1957, filled in two questionnaires about their health, lifestyle, and educational attainment.

And they had a physical check-up, consisting of blood tests, weight, height, and blood pressure measurements, taken between 1997 and 1999.

Levels of health anxiety were assessed using a validated scale (Whiteley Index), comprising 14 items scored from one to five. Those (710) whose total score amounted to 31 or more were in the top 10 percent of the sample and considered to have health anxiety.

The heart health of all the participants was subsequently tracked using national data on hospital treatment episodes and death certification up to the end of 2009.

Anyone who received treatment for, or whose death was linked to, coronary artery disease occurring within a year of entering the study, was excluded, on the grounds that they might already have been ill.

In all, 234 (3.3 percent) of the entire sample had an ischemic event — a heart attack or bout of acute angina — during the monitoring period, with the average time to the first incident just over seven years.

But the proportion of those succumbing to heart disease was twice as high (just over six percent) among those who displayed health anxiety as it was among those who didn’t (three percent).

While established risk factors for heart disease explained part of the association found, health anxiety was still linked to a heightened risk, after taking account of other potentially influential factors.

Those with health anxiety at the start of the study were 73 percent more likely to develop heart disease than those who were not in this state of mind, the analysis showed.

And the higher the Whiteley Index score, the greater was the risk of developing heart disease. However, researchers explain that because this is an observational study no firm conclusions can be drawn about cause and effect.

Moreover, health anxiety often exists alongside other mental health issues, such as general anxiety and depression, making it hard to differentiate.

But the findings back current thinking on the potentially harmful effects of anxiety on health, they say.

“[Our research] further indicates that characteristic behavior among persons with health anxiety, such as monitoring and frequent check-ups of symptoms, does not reduce the risk of [coronary heart disease] events,” they write.

If anything, putting the body on a permanent state of high alert may have the opposite effect, they suggest.

“These findings illustrate the dilemma for clinicians between reassuring the patient that current physical symptoms of anxiety do not represent heart disease, contrasted against the emerging knowledge on how anxiety, over time, may be causally associated with increased risk of [coronary artery disease],” they conclude.

In summary, investigators believe the findings “underline the importance of proper diagnosis and treatment of health anxiety.”

Source: BMJ

Needless Worry May Increase Risk for Heart Disease

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2016). Needless Worry May Increase Risk for Heart Disease. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 26, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2016/11/08/needless-worry-may-increase-risk-for-heart-disease/112248.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Nov 2016
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 8 Nov 2016
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.