What parents share on social media about their children presents new and often unanticipated risks, according to new research.
Researchers, who presented the study at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2016 National Conference & Exhibition, encouraged pediatricians to provide parents with healthy rules of thumb about online disclosures related to their children.
The amount of information online is staggering, with previous research showing that 92 percent of two year-olds in the United States have an online presence, and about one-third make their first appearance on social media sites within their first 24 hours of life.
“The amount of information placed in the digital universe about our children in just a few short years is staggering,” said Dr. Bahareh Keith, director of the pediatric global health track and an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Florida College of Medicine.
“Parents often consider how to best protect children while the child is using the internet. However, parents — including myself, initially — don’t always consider how their own use of social media may affect their children’s well-being.”
According to Keith, social media offers many benefits to families, including giving parents a voice as they struggle through difficult child-rearing experiences, building community, and celebrating the joys of their lives.
“But when we share on social media, we must all consider how our online actions affects our children’s well-being, both today and long into the future,” she said.
Pediatricians can advocate for increased awareness among parents to protect a child’s online identity, according to the researchers
“We need to encourage responsible and thoughtful sharing and address a dearth of discussion on the topic that leaves even the most well-meaning parents with few resources to thoroughly appreciate the issue before pressing share on their digital devices,” said law professor Stacey Steinberg.
Steinberg noted that information shared can be stolen or repeatedly re-shared, unbeknownst to parents, potentially ending up in the hands of pedophiles or identify thieves.
“Even more likely, the child might one day want to have some privacy and control over his or her digital identity,” Steinberg said, noting that the first “children of social media” are just now entering adulthood, college, and the job market. “Untangling the parent’s right to share his or her own story and the child’s right to enter adulthood free to create his or her own digital footprint is a daunting task.”
The researchers propose public health based, best-practice guidelines that include encouraging parents to familiarize themselves with the privacy policies of the sites they use, to post anonymously if they choose to share about their children’s behavioral struggles, and to give their child “veto power” over online disclosures, including images, quotes, accomplishments, and challenges.
They also advise never to share pictures that show their children in any state of undress or share their child’s actual location in a post.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics