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Maternal Use of SSRIs Tied to Lower Birth Weights, Earlier Delivery

Maternal Use of SSRIs Tied to Lower Birth Weights, Earlier Delivery

New research has found that prenatal exposure to the class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is associated with lower birth weight and gestational length.

Investigators discovered infants exposed to SSRIs during two or more trimesters weighed 205 grams or about half a pound less than infants whose mothers were not exposed to any antidepressants.

The study, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology also found that the infants would also be born 4.9 days earlier, on average.

However, study co-author Dr. Katerina Nezvalova-Henriksen commented that, “the biological mechanisms by which long term SSRIs exposure may affect birth weight remain unknown.”

“Severe depression or depression not responding to non-pharmacological therapy may negatively affect the course of pregnancy and the pre- and postpartum period,” she said. “The risks and benefits of SSRI therapy should therefore be carefully evaluated in each individual case.”

Researchers from Norway and Canada used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway to perform the study. They measured the effect of SSRIs and maternal depression on birth weight and gestational length, using a sibling design method.

This methodology helps to differentiate the current study from previous studies looking into prenatal SSRI effects.

Investigators assessed 27,756 siblings in the study, 194 of which were prenatally exposed to SSRIs. By applying the sibling design, the researchers were able to address the unmeasurable and unknown family-level differences that may have been a source of bias.

The study was divided into a group where women used SSRIs during pregnancy and a group that did not use any antidepressants.

The reasons for women taking SSRIs included not only depression and anxiety but also other neuropsychiatric disorders. In the database, 7,450 mothers had a lifetime history of major depression.

The study concluded that neither shared genetics nor family environment can explain the associations between exposure to SSRIs and birth weight. Therefore, a relationship between material use of SSRIs and lower birth weight and earlier deliveries should be continued to be explored.

Source: Oxford University Press/EurekAlert
 
Pregnant woman worried about taking medication photo by shutterstock.

Maternal Use of SSRIs Tied to Lower Birth Weights, Earlier Delivery

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2016). Maternal Use of SSRIs Tied to Lower Birth Weights, Earlier Delivery. Psych Central. Retrieved on June 20, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2016/05/19/maternal-exposure-to-ssris-linked-to-lower-birth-weightsearlier-delivery/103545.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 19 May 2016
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 19 May 2016
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.