A new study shows that “retweeting” or sharing other information online creates a cognitive overload that interferes with learning and retaining what you’ve just seen.
Even worse, that cognitive overload can spill over and diminish performance in the real world, according to researchers at Cornell University and Beijing University.
“Most people don’t post original ideas any more. You just share what you read with your friends,” said Dr. Qi Wang, a professor of human development in the College of Human Ecology at Cornell University. “But they don’t realize that sharing has a downside. It may interfere with other things we do.”
For the study, Wang and her colleagues in China conducted experiments at Beijing University, with a group of Chinese college students.
At computers in a laboratory setting, two groups were presented with a series of messages from Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter. After reading each message, members of one group had options either to repost or go on to the next message. The other group was given only the “next” option.
After finishing a series of messages, the students were given an online test on the content of those messages. Those in the repost group offered almost twice as many wrong answers and often demonstrated poor comprehension. What they did remember they often remembered poorly, Wang reported.
“For things that they reposted, they remembered especially worse,” she added.
The researchers theorize that reposters were suffering from “cognitive overload.” When there is a choice to share or not share, the decision itself consumes cognitive resources, Wang explained.
This led to a second experiment: After viewing a series of Weibo messages, the students were given an unrelated paper test on their comprehension of a New Scientist article. Again, participants in the no-feedback group outperformed the reposters.
Subjects also completed a Workload Profile Index, in which they were asked to rate the cognitive demands of the message-viewing task. The results confirmed a higher cognitive drain for the repost group.
“The sharing leads to cognitive overload, and that interferes with the subsequent task,” Wang said. “In real life when students are surfing online and exchanging information and right after that they go to take a test, they may perform worse.”
Noting that other research has shown people often pay more attention to elements of a web design such as “repost” or “like” than to the content, the researchers suggest that web interfaces should be designed to promote, rather than interfere, with cognitive processing.
“Online design should be simple and task-relevant,” Wang concluded.
Source: Cornell University