A new Canadian study suggests people are less willing to rely on their knowledge and say they know something when they have access to the Internet.
Professor Evan F. Risko, of the Department of Psychology at the University of Waterloo, and his team asked about 100 participants a series of general-knowledge questions, such as naming the capital of France.
Participants indicated if they knew the answer or not. For half of the study, participants had access to the Internet. They had to look up the answer when they responded that they did not know the answer. In the other half of the study, participants did not have access to the Internet.
Having access to the Internet appeared to make people more cautious and hesitant to voice an answer.
Specifically, the team found that the people who had access to the web were about five percent more likely to say that they did not know the answer to the question. Furthermore, in some contexts, the people with access to the Internet reported feeling as though they knew less compared to the people without access.
“With the ubiquity of the Internet, we are almost constantly connected to large amounts of information. And when that data is within reach, people seem less likely to rely on their own knowledge,” said Risko, Canada Research Chair in Embodied and Embedded Cognition.
In interpreting the results, the researchers speculated that access to the Internet might make it less acceptable to say you know something but are incorrect.
It is also possible that participants were more likely to say they didn’t know an answer when they had access to the web because online searching can confirm their answer or resolve their curiosity, and the process of finding out is rewarding.
“Our results suggest that access to the Internet affects the decisions we make about what we know and don’t know,” said Risko.
“We hope this research contributes to our growing understanding of how easy access to massive amounts of information can influence our thinking and behavior.”
David McLean and Amanda Ferguson, research assistants, were co-authors of the study, which appears in the journal, Consciousness and Cognition.
Future studies in this area will investigate the factors that lead to individuals’ reduced willingness to respond when they have access to the web.
Source: University of Waterloo