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For Some, Math Anxiety Improves Performance

For Some, Math Anxiety Improves Performance

Anxiety associated with being asked to perform math is often viewed as a contributing factor for poor scores.

New research, however, finds that math anxiety —┬ánervousness and discomfort in relation to math — may improve performance among motivated children.

In two studies, researchers Zhe Wang, Ph.D., of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Stephen Petrill, Ph.D., of Ohio State University, and colleagues found that a moderate level of math anxiety was associated with high math performance among some students.

Researchers found children who reported they valued math and embraced math challenges, appeared to use math anxiety to enhance their scores. For those who are low in this kind of math motivation, however, high math anxiety appears to be linked with low math performance.

“Our findings show that the negative association between math anxiety and math learning is not universal,” say Wang and Petrill. “Math motivation can be an important buffer to the negative influence of math anxiety.”

The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

While some children might be anxious about math because it is extremely difficult for them and they feel threatened by it, others might be anxious about math because they want to perform well.

The researchers hypothesized that different underlying motivations for these two groups may have different consequences for math learning behaviors and performance.

For the first study, the researchers looked at data from 262 pairs of same-sex twins. The children, about 12 years old on average, completed measures of math anxiety and math motivation.

They also completed six tasks aimed at measuring math performance, tapping skills like representing numerical quantities nonverbally and spatially, calculating with fluency, and using quantitative reasoning in problem solving.

The results indicated that there were no differences in math anxiety and math motivation according to age, but they did show that girls tended to have higher math anxiety than boys.

When the researchers investigated math anxiety and math motivation together, a complex pattern of results emerged. For children who reported low levels of math motivation, increases in math anxiety were associated with poorer performance.

For children who reported high math motivation, the relationship between math anxiety and performance resembled an inverted U shape: Performance increased with anxiety, reaching peak levels with moderate anxiety. As anxiety increased beyond this midpoint, math performance decreased.

To ensure that these results were robust, the researchers conducted a second study with 237 college students. Again, they found that math anxiety was related to poor math performance among students who reported low math motivation, while students who reported high motivation showed the inverted-U relationship between anxiety and performance.

“These findings suggest that efforts that simply aim to decrease math-anxiety level may not prove effective for all students,” says Petrill.

“Although math anxiety is detrimental to some children in their math learning, motivation may help overcome the detrimental effects of math anxiety. In particular, for children highly motivated to better learn math a moderate level of math anxiety or challenge may actually prove efficacious.”

Future research will examine the real-time physiological changes that underlie the complex relationship between math anxiety and math achievement.

Source: Association for Psychological Science
Young student photo by shutterstock.

For Some, Math Anxiety Improves Performance

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). For Some, Math Anxiety Improves Performance. Psych Central. Retrieved on June 23, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2015/11/05/for-some-math-anxiety-improves-performance/94443.html


Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 5 Nov 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 5 Nov 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.