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Online CBT Helpful for Illness-Induced Depression

Online CBT Helpful for Illness-Induced Depression

For many people a medical diagnoses can lead to distress, anxiety, and depression. New research confirms that Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with clinical care can improve outcomes.

The new evidence-based study appears in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ).

“In the age of Google, this psychological intervention is empowering, clinically efficient and consistent with the way that, increasingly, patients interact with health care,” write Dr. David Gratzer, attending psychiatrist, and Faiza Khalid-Khan, social worker and Director of Mental Health, the Scarborough Hospital, Toronto, Ontario

The review looks at recent, high quality studies and the growing body of literature on smartphone and tablet applications for mental illness. Some studies showed that patients who used Internet-delivered CBT had better outcomes than placebo controls and equal or better outcomes than those with traditional in-person cognitive behavior therapy.

These outcomes were seen in patients with depression, as well as those with physical illnesses such as cancer and multiple sclerosis.

“There is as much evidence for cognitive behavioral therapy as there is for medications to treat mild and moderate depression, as well as evidence that they have a synergistic effect,” says Dr. Gratzer.

“In other words, for the hundreds of thousands of Canadians struggling with depression, Internet-assisted cognitive behavioral therapy offers a cost-effective and empowering way of accessing an important treatment.”

There are many advantages of online therapy including ease of confidential access. Patients may participate in online therapy whenever and wherever they like. The anonymity may help depressed or shy patients who are reluctant to speak to a health care professional.

“[Internet-delivered] CBT has two principal advantages: patient empowerment and increased clinical efficiency,” write the authors. “It allows clinicians to treat more patients effectively in less time. Even with intermittent therapist support, it is less time-consuming and requires fewer resources overall than traditional CBT.”

However, this therapy is not recommended for people with severe mental illness.

Potential disadvantages to Internet-delivered CBT include the lack of a real human relationship, which prevents direct patient monitoring and the ability to tailor the therapy to the patient’s progress; low adherence by patients and lack of home access to the Internet.

“There are compelling data to support the integration of Internet-delivered CBT into clinical psychiatric care. These data indicate that this form of CBT offers numerous benefits to both the patient and the practitioner. It allows treatment of patients with many different psychiatric conditions, at lower cost than traditional CBT,” the authors conclude.

Nevertheless, researchers note that more research is needed to determine the ideal demographic for this therapy and that there are challenges in integrating it into clinical practice.

Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal/EurekAlert
 
Online help and support photo by shutterstock.

Online CBT Helpful for Illness-Induced Depression

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Online CBT Helpful for Illness-Induced Depression. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 14, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2015/11/04/online-cbt-helpful-for-illness-induced-depression/94394.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 4 Nov 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 4 Nov 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.