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Primary Care Screening Needed for Teen Depression, Suicide Risk

Primary Care Screening Needed for Teen Depression, Suicide Risk

A new paper finds that psychosocial assessment and mental health screening of teens during routine health care visits can literally be a life-saver.

Nursing researchers with the University of Texas at Arlington and Texas Woman’s University contend that depression and suicide risk screening can assist health care providers in preventing suicides in teens.

Sharolyn K. Dihigo, R.N., D.N.P.,  and Barbara Gray, Ph.D., R.N., recently examined available research to determine what screening tools nurse practitioners and others in primary care settings should access during “well” visits with teenage patients.

Their paper appears in The Nurse Practitioner journal as part of a continuing education series, and it comes as the nation observes Suicide Prevention Awareness month.

The World Health Organization announced the number one reason for illness and disability among teens and preteens is depression, and suicide is ranked as number three, Dihigo said.

“Our article could not have come at a better time. We are trying to get the word out and educate other healthcare providers to recognize the signs of depression and intervene to prevent these suicides.”

It is estimated that 80 percent of all 13- to 18-year-olds are seen in a primary care setting each year, but often busy health care providers fail to correctly identify those teenagers with a mental health condition. That’s because symptoms of depression in teens, such as moodiness, increased sadness, or changes in appetite or school attendance, can be easily overlooked as a “normal:” part of puberty.

Gray said completion of psychosocial assessment and mental health screening of adolescents during routine health care visits “is an important component in the detection of risk factors that contribute to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.”

To complete their piece, Dihigo and Gray reviewed numerous articles, fact sheets, national recommendation statements, and 23 studies done by other researchers.

The team concluded that advanced planning and preparation can lead to a systematic, effective way to manage patients at risk for suicide, whether it is immediate referral for hospitalization or referral to a therapist and initiation of a safety plan. Suicide risk screening tools are available and can be administered in a time-efficient manner.

Most tools are free of charge and require little training to administer. Some tools screen for several disorders, while others focus on specific screening questions for one type of mental illness.

For example, the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents (PHQ-A) assesses for potential problems, such as anxiety, substance abuse, mood, or eating disorders. The Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC), or Pediatric Symptom Checklist — Youth Report (Y-PSQ), screens broadly for emotional and behavioral psychosocial concerns.

Source: University of Texas, Arlington

Primary Care Screening Needed for Teen Depression, Suicide Risk

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Primary Care Screening Needed for Teen Depression, Suicide Risk. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 19, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2015/09/30/primary-care-screening-needed-for-teen-depression-suicide-risk/92913.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 30 Sep 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 30 Sep 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.