A provocative new Oxford University-led study suggests obtaining a good night’s sleep may actually be the wrong advice for a person who has experienced a traumatic event. If the findings are replicated in follow-up studies, the management of care after a traumatic event may be significantly altered.
The research, conducted in Oxford’s Wellcome Trust-funded Sleep and Circadian Neuroscience Institute (SCNi) showed that sleep deprivation might prevent people from consolidating memories of experimental trauma (emotional film clips in the study), reducing their tendency to experience flashbacks.
The study appears in the journal Sleep.
Dr. Kate Porcheret, a study leader, explains the study: “We wanted to see what effect sleep deprivation would have on the development of intrusive memories — what in a clinical setting are called flashbacks. After showing participants a film of scenes with traumatic content, as an analogue to trauma, they were either kept in a sleep laboratory and deprived of sleep or sent home to have a normal night’s sleep in their own bed.”
In the study, each person kept a diary in which they recorded any intrusive memories. Participants were asked to document memories, however fleeting, and to record as much information as possible. The research team then assessed if the intrusive images were linked to the film.
Dr. Katharina Wulff, from the SCNi, said: “The sleep-deprived group experienced fewer intrusive memories than those who had been able to sleep normally. Both groups experienced more of these involuntary memories in the first two days and a reducing number in the following days. We know that sleep improves memory performance including emotional memory, but there may be a time when remembering in this way is unhelpful.”
Researchers believe additional study is necessary as there is currently a limited understanding of intrusive memories of emotional events as well as of the role of sleep in responding to real trauma. Moreover, real-life trauma cannot be directly replicated in an laboratory study.
Porcheret added, “Finding out more how sleep and trauma interact means we can ensure people are well cared for after a traumatic event. These are really important research questions to pursue further.
“For example, it is still common for patients to receive sedatives after a traumatic event to help them sleep, even though we already know that for some very traumatized people this may be the wrong approach. That is why we need more research in both experimental and clinical settings into how our response to psychological trauma is affected by sleep — and lack of sleep too.’
Source: Oxford University