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Tips to Avoid Ethical Misconduct

Tips to Avoid Ethical Misconduct

A new study provides some timely suggestions on improving self-control for ethical decision-making.

Researchers discovered being aware of the temptation before it happens and thinking about the long-term consequences of misbehaving could help more people do the right thing.

The study by University of Chicago Professor Ayelet Fishbach, Ph.D., and Rutgers Professor Oliver J. Sheldon, Ph.D., is the first to test how the two separate factors of identifying an ethical conflict and preemptively exercising self-control interact in shaping ethical decision-making.

The article was recently published in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

In a series of experiments that included common ethical dilemmas, such as calling in sick to work and negotiating a home sale, the researchers found that two factors together promoted ethical behavior.

They found that participants who identified a potential ethical dilemma as connected to other similar incidents and who also anticipated the temptation to act unethically were more likely to behave honestly than participants who did not.

“Unethical behavior is rampant across various domains ranging from business and politics to education and sports,” said Fishbach.

“Organizations seeking to improve ethical behavior can do so by helping people recognize the cumulative impact of unethical acts and by providing warning cues for upcoming temptation.”

In one experiment, business school students were divided into pairs as brokers for the buyer and seller of a historic New York brownstone.

The dilemma: The seller wanted to preserve the property while the buyer wanted to demolish it and build a hotel. The brokers for the seller were told to only sell to a buyer who would save the brownstone, while the brokers for the buyer were told to conceal the buyer’s plan to develop a hotel.

Before the negotiations began, half of the students were asked to recall a time when they cheated or bent the rules to get ahead. Only 45 percent of those students thinking about their ethics ahead of time behaved unethically in the negotiations, while more than two-thirds, or 67 percent, of the students who weren’t reminded of an ethical temptation in advance, lied in the negotiations in order to close the deal.

In another experiment involving workplace scenarios, participants were less likely to say it is OK to steal office supplies, call into work sick when they aren’t really ill, or intentionally work slowly to avoid additional tasks, if they anticipated an ethical dilemma through a writing exercise in advance and if they considered a series of six ethical dilemmas all at once.

In other words, people are more likely to engage in unethical behavior if they believe the act is an isolated incident and if they don’t think about it ahead of time.

The results of the experiments have the potential to help policymakers, educators and employers devise strategies to encourage people to behave ethically.

For example, a manager could control costs by emailing employees before a work trip to warn them against the temptation to inflate expenses.

The notice could be even more effective if the manager reminded employees that the urge to exaggerate expenses is a temptation they will encounter repeatedly in the future.

Source: University of Chicago/EurekAlert!

Tips to Avoid Ethical Misconduct

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Tips to Avoid Ethical Misconduct. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 26, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2015/06/08/tips-to-avoid-ethical-misconduct/85477.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.