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For Music Pros, Performing Revs Up Learning and Memory Genes

For Music Pros, Performing Revs Up Learning and Memory Genes

A new Finnish study finds that music performance by professional musicians stimulates the genes responsible for essential brain functions.

Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. But the molecular mechanisms underlying music performance have been so far unexplored.

In the new study, researchers investigated the effect of music performance (in a two hr concert) on the gene expression profiles of professional musicians from Tapiola Sinfonietta (a professional orchestra) and Sibelius-Academy (a music university).

Investigators discovered playing music enhanced the activity of genes involved in dopaminergic neurotransmission, motor function, learning, and memory. Moreover, some of the genes stimulated, like SNCA, FOS, and DUSP1, are known to contribute to song perception and production in songbirds.

The activation of these genes suggests a potential evolutionary preservation in molecular mechanisms related to sound production across species.

In addition, several of the up-regulated genes are known to be involved in biological pathways. For example, the genes influence calcium ion homeostasis and iron ion homeostasis. These mechanisms are essential for neuronal function, survival, and neuroprotection.

“The findings provide a valuable background for molecular studies of music perception and evolution, and music therapy,” said study leader Dr. Irma Järvelä from the University of Helsinki.

The study is published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Source: University of Helinski/EurekAlert!

For Music Pros, Performing Revs Up Learning and Memory Genes

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). For Music Pros, Performing Revs Up Learning and Memory Genes. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 19, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2015/03/30/for-music-pros-performing-revs-up-learning-and-memory-genes/82951.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.