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Explaining Emotional Contradictions

Life is full of events that ignite emotions.

When these events occur people may react by performing an action or expressing an emotion that may be opposite of the actual emotional state. The actions and even our use of seemingly contradictory language may help us relieve emotional stress.

For example, the phrase “tears of joy” never made much sense to Yale psychologist Dr. Oriana Aragon. But after conducting a series of studies of such seemingly incongruous expressions, she now understands better why people cry when they are happy.

“People may be restoring emotional equilibrium with these expressions,” said Aragon, lead author of a study that will be published in the journal Psychological Science.

“They seem to take place when people are overwhelmed with strong positive emotions, and people who do this seem to recover better from those strong emotions.”

There are many examples of responding to a positive experience with a negative emotion.

A crying spouse is reunited with a soldier returning from war. Teen girls scream at a Justin Bieber concert and so do soccer players as they score a winning goal. The baseball player who hits a winning home run is pounded at home plate by teammates. And when introduced to babies “too cute for words,” some can’t resist pinching their cheeks.

“I was surprised no one ever asked why that is,” said Aragon.

Aragon and her colleagues at Yale ran subjects through some of these scenarios and measured their responses to cute babies or happy reunions.

They found that individuals who express negative reactions to positive news were able to moderate intense emotions more quickly. They also found people who are most likely to cry at their child’s graduation are most likely to want to pinch a cute baby’s cheeks.

There is also some evidence that strong negative feelings may provoke positive expressions. For example, nervous laughter appears when people are confronted with a difficult or frightening situations, and smiles have been found by other psychologists to occur during extreme sadness.

“These new discoveries begin to explain common things that many people do but don’t even understand themselves,” Aragon said.

“These insights advance our understanding of how people express and control their emotions, which is importantly related to mental and physical health, the quality of relationships with others, and even how well people work together,” she said.

Source: Yale University

Explaining Emotional Contradictions

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Explaining Emotional Contradictions. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 25, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2014/11/12/explaining-emotional-contradictions/77245.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.