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Competition, Challenge Predict Game Enjoyment

Competition, Challenge Predict Game Enjoyment

New research discovers having fun while playing a game is linked to challenge and unpredictability more so than winning — in fact, winning can be boring.

A new study shows that people usually enjoy a game more if they are challenged, regardless of the outcome.

As discussed in the journal Motivation and Emotion, it’s the suspense and uncertainty of a close game that often brings them back for more, says a research team led by psychologist Sami Abuhamdeh, Ph.D., of Istanbul Şehir University.

For the investigation, Abuhamdeh’s team tested the experiences of a group of 72 undergraduate university students who played four rounds of the Speed Slice game on Nintendo Wii. The objective of this first-person perspective video game is to slice various objects appearing on the screen before the opponent can.

The researchers tested the participants’ levels of enjoyment, suspense, perceived competence and performance concerns when they competed against a weak or a tough opponent.

The participants rated their own competence levels to be much higher when they won by a wide margin than when they did so with only the narrowest of margins. However, they experienced much lower levels of suspense and enjoyment when they made such a clean sweep.

When asked which of the two games they would like to play again, 69 percent of the participants actually chose to play the game they won by a slim margin. This suggested they actually enjoyed the uncertainty associated with such a close encounter.

The researchers’ findings shed light on why people find some games more enjoyable than others, and choose to play some games again and again and others only once.

When knowing almost in advance what the outcome of a game will be — for instance when a tennis player outperforms her opponent by a wide margin — the degree of suspense also goes down the drain. This in turn diminishes how much someone actually enjoys a game, and wants to play or watch it again.

These results are similar to what has been found in studies on the competitive balance in sports leagues. These have shown that spectators actually find it quite boring to watch lopsided games – even if the results are in their team’s favor.

“There is little question that succeeding at competitive activities can promote the enjoyment of and intrinsic motivation for such activities,” said Abuhamdeh.

“However, the uncertainty of whether one will succeed represents an additional, distinct factor and can sometimes even conflict with the motivational pull of competence.”

Source: Springer

Boys having fun playing competitive game photo by shutterstock.

Competition, Challenge Predict Game Enjoyment

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Competition, Challenge Predict Game Enjoyment. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 29, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 4 Sep 2014)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
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