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Mice Study Suggests Lack of Serotonin Not Behind Depression

Mice Study Suggests Lack of Serotonin Not Behind Depression

New evidence challenges the conventional wisdom that the brain chemical serotonin is responsible for maintaining mood balance, and that a deficit of serotonin leads to depression.

In a study, scientists report that mice lacking the ability to make serotonin in their brains did not show depression-like symptoms.

The study is published in the journal ACS Chemical Neuroscience.

Donald Kuhn, Ph.D., and colleagues at Wayne State University School of Medicine set out to study what role, if any, serotonin played in the development of depression.

To do this, they developed “knockout” mice that had been genetically altered to prevent the production of serotonin in their brains. Then, scientists ran a battery of behavioral tests on the special mice.

Interestingly, researchers found the mice to be compulsive and extremely aggressive, but didn’t show signs of depression-like symptoms.

Another surprising finding is that when put under stress, the knockout mice behaved in the same way most of the normal mice did. And some of the knockout mice responded therapeutically to antidepressant medications in a similar manner to the normal mice.

These findings further suggest that serotonin is not a major player in the condition, and different factors must be involved, according to the researchers.

If the study is replicated, a new approach for the development of antidepressants may be called for.

Source: American Chemical Society

 
Serotonin and neurons photo by shutterstock.

Mice Study Suggests Lack of Serotonin Not Behind Depression

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Mice Study Suggests Lack of Serotonin Not Behind Depression. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 18, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2014/08/28/mice-study-suggests-lack-of-serotonin-not-behind-depression/74206.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.