A new study shows that primary care physicians can be a critical resource for abused women in rural areas.
But the study also found that many primary care physicians do not routinely screen women for intimate partner violence (IPV), according to researchers at Penn State.
“Rural health care providers are uniquely positioned to help women,” said Dr. Jennifer S. McCall-Hosenfeld, a primary care physician and assistant professor of medicine and public health sciences, Pennsylvania State College of Medicine.
“However, in rural settings, it might be even more important for physicians to step in, because there are few places for women experiencing IPV to turn. The physicians are in a good position to help, and may be the only option for rural women.”
For the study, researchers interviewed 19 primary care physicians who provide care to rural women in central Pennsylvania. The physicians answered questions that focused on IPV screening, perceptions of IPV as a health problem, current practices for responding to identified IPV, and barriers unique to rural communities that affect care for women who have experienced IPV.
Only six of the physicians screened women for IPV, and within that group there was no standardized interval for screening, according to the study’s findings. Seven of the physicians did not think routinely screening every female patient for IPV was necessary.
“I don’t think it’s appropriate unless there’s something to suggest it might be happening,” one physician said. “We have a lot of patients who come in and are happy, healthy, well-adjusted, and I’m not going to ask those if they’re getting beaten on.”
Nearly half of the physicians acknowledged that financial dependence on the abuser was a barrier for many women who might otherwise seek help for IPV.
And 11 percent of the physicians pointed out that patients may not even consider their family doctor as the person to go to for help.
“Patients often don’t think of IPV as a health problem,” said McCall-Hosenfeld, another barrier several physicians identified.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force now recommends IPV screening, the researchers note.
“IPV identification and treatment in primary care settings will also likely increase as a consequence of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, as screening and counseling for domestic violence has been added as a primary preventive service that all private health plans must cover,” the researchers wrote in their study, which was published in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
The researchers said they believe that women suffering violence in rural areas would be helped by providing training for primary care physicians, educating the community, and improving access to referral services.
Future research should address both strategies to support the physicians’ care of rural women, as well as rural women’s expectations and preferences for getting help within their communities, the researchers concluded.
Source: Pennsylvania State