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Mediterranean Diet has Race-Specific Effect on Cognition

New research suggests the Mediterranean diet reduces cognitive decline among some race-specific populations but not among others.

In the study, African-Americans experienced a slower rate of cognitive decline than white, older adults.

Study methodology included the analysis of over eight years of data collected in a U.S. prospective cohort study.

As discussed in the Journal of Gerontology, researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev discovered that while the Mediterranean diet may have broad health benefits, its impact on cognitive decline differs among race-specific populations.

The Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet) has fewer meat products and more plant-based foods and monounsaturated fatty acids from olive and canola oil (good) than a typical American diet.

To assess the association between MedDiet score and brain function, researcher used data from several Modified Mini-Mental State Examinations (3MS) administered to 2,326 participating older adults (70-79).

The 3MS is an extensively used and validated instrument designed to measure several cognitive domains to screen for cognitive impairment and commonly used to screen for dementia.

“In a population of initially well-functioning older adults, we found a significant correlation between strong adherence to the Mediterranean diet and a slower rate of cognitive decline among African-Americans, but not white, older adults.

“Our study is the first to show a possible race-specific association between the Mediterranean diet and cognitive decline,” said Danit R. Shahar R.D., Ph.D.

The researchers note that further studies in diverse populations are necessary to confirm association between the MedDiet and cognitive decline, and to pinpoint factors that may explain these results.

Source: Ben-Gurion University

Mediterranean Diet has Race-Specific Effect on Cognition

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Mediterranean Diet has Race-Specific Effect on Cognition. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 16, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2014/07/17/mediterranean-diet-has-race-specific-effect-on-cognition/72590.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.