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Neuroscience Discovery May Accelerate Brain Research

Neuroscience Discovery May Accelerate Brain Research

Researchers have determined that the human brain operates much the same whether active or at rest.

Experts believe this finding will provide a better understanding of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and other serious mental health conditions that afflict an estimated 13.6 million Americans.

Poor connectivity between areas of the brain may be at the root of severe mental illness.

In the new research, Michael Cole, Ph.D., an assistant professor at Rutgers-Newark, determined that the underlying brain architecture of a person at rest is basically the same as that of a person performing a variety of tasks.

“This is important to the study of mental illness because it is easier to analyze a brain at rest,” says Cole, who made the discovery using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

“We can now observe people relaxing in the scanner and be confident that what we see is there all the time,” says Cole, who initially feared his team might find that the brain reorganizes itself for every task.

“If that had been the case, we would have had less hope that we could understand mental illness in our lifetime.”

“Instead,” Cole says, “scientists can now make their search for causes of mental illness more focused” — and he suggests at least one target of opportunity.

The prefrontal cortex is a portion of the brain involved in high level thinking, as well as remembering what a person’s goal is and the task being performed.

Cole says it would be useful to explore whether connectivity between the prefrontal cortex and other areas of the brain is altered — while the brain is at rest — in people with severe mental illness.

“And then we can finally say something fundamental,” he predicts, “about what’s different about the brain’s functional network in schizophrenia and other conditions.”

Those differences, in turn, could explain certain symptoms.

For instance, what if a patient has visual hallucinations because poor connectivity between the prefrontal cortex and the portion of the brain that governs sight causes the hallucinations to override what the eyes actually see?

Cole suggests that’s just one of the questions that analysis of the brain at rest might help to answer. Others include a person’s debilitating beliefs, such as overly negative self-assessment when depressed.

Opportunities to find better ways to improve patients’ lives might then follow. Cole notes that current medications for severe mental illness, when they help at all, typically do not relieve cognitive symptoms.

It is possible the drugs will reduce hallucinations or depressing thoughts, but patients continue to have difficulty concentrating on the task at hand, and often find it hard to find or hold a job.

Cole says that even solving that one issue would be a major step forward — and he hopes his new work has helped advance science toward achieving this goal.

Source: Rutgers University-Newark

Neuroscience Discovery May Accelerate Brain Research

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Neuroscience Discovery May Accelerate Brain Research. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 23, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 11 Jul 2014)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
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