A new study finds that of adolescents visiting a hospital’s emergency department for any reason, one in five girls and one in eight boys reported dating violence in the past year.
Published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine, the study also found that dating violence among adolescents was strongly associated with alcohol, illicit drug use and depression.
“An enormous number of youth and adolescents have already experienced violence in their dating lives,” said lead study author Vijay Singh, M.D., M.P.H., MS of the University of Michigan Injury Center and Department of Emergency Medicine in Ann Arbor, Mich.
“Patterns that begin in adolescence can carry over to adulthood. Screening and intervention among youth with a history of dating violence can be critical to reducing future adult intimate partner violence.”
For the study, researchers screened 4,089 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 20 for dating violence within the past year. The adolescents visited the emergency room for a variety of reasons.
Nearly three-quarters (72.9 percent) were Caucasian, the majority (86.9 percent) were enrolled in school, and just over one-quarter (25.8 percent) received public assistance, the researchers noted.
Of females, 18.4 percent reported dating violence in the past year, 10.6 percent reported dating victimization, and 14.6 percent reported dating aggression. Of males, 12.5 percent reported dating violence, 11.7 percent reported dating victimization, and 4.9 percent reported dating aggression.
Violent acts suffered by a young adult are called dating victimization, violent acts perpetrated by youth are called dating aggression, researchers explain.
Factors associated with dating violence for both males and females were African-American race, alcohol misuse, illicit drug misuse, and depression, according to the study.
In addition, females reporting prior dating violence were also more likely to be on public assistance, to have grades of D or below, and to have visited the emergency department in the prior year for an intentional injury, researchers reported.
“With this many youth and adolescents experiencing either dating victimization or dating aggression, it’s dangerously easy for the behavior to become ‘normalized,'” said Singh.
“Simply treating the injury and not assessing for dating violence loses an opportunity for injury prevention and breaking the cycle of violence. Because African-American youth experienced greater odds of dating violence than their Caucasian peers, culturally tailored interventions will be essential.”