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Physical Fitness Tied to Kids' Academic Performance

Physical Fitness Tied to Kids’ Academic Performance

A growing body of evidence suggests physical fitness may play a key role in brain health and academic performance.

In a new study scheduled for publication in the Journal of Pediatrics, researchers studied the independent and combined influence of components of physical fitness on academic performance.

Cardiorespiratory capacity, muscular strength, and motor ability are components of physical fitness that have documented potential to improve health. Each fitness component is believed to affect the brain differently and thus contribute academic performance.

According to Irene Esteban-Cornejo, MSc, Autonomous University of Madrid, “Because these physical fitness components are highly associated with each other, it is important to differentiate which physical fitness components are important in relation to academic performance.”

The study sample included 2,038 Spanish children and adolescents (six to 18 years of age) with complete data on physical fitness, body composition, and academic performance.

Esteban-Cornejo and the UP & DOWN Study Group members found that cardiorespiratory capacity and motor ability, both independently and combined, were related to academic performance.

However, the association of academic performance and physical fitness was stronger for motor ability than cardiorespiratory capacity, meaning that motor ability may be more important for academic performance. In contrast, children and adolescents who had both lower levels of cardiorespiratory capacity and motor ability had lower grades.

Muscular strength was not independently associated with academic performance.

Although the combined components of physical fitness can influence academic performance, this study suggests that cardiorespiratory capacity and, to a greater extent, motor ability, may be greater influences.

Said Esteban-Cornejo, “Having high levels of cardiorespiratory and motor fitness may, to some extent, reduce the risk of school failure.”

“Efforts should be made to promote physical activities for children and adolescents that involve aerobic exercises and motor tasks to enhance cardiorespiratory capacity and motor ability,” researchers said, “thereby improving academic development.”

Source: Elsevier

 
Student soccer player photo by shutterstock.

Physical Fitness Tied to Kids’ Academic Performance

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Physical Fitness Tied to Kids’ Academic Performance. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 27, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2014/06/23/physical-fitness-tied-to-kids-academic-performance/71589.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.