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Many Parents Slow to Realize a Child is Overweight

Many Parents Slow to Realize a Child is OverweightNew research suggest parents often fail to recognize that their own child is overweight, despite the emerging epidemic of childhood obesity.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln researchers discovered that although childhood obesity rates in the U.S. have tripled during the past 30 years, more than half of parents do not recognize that their child is overweight.

Alyssa Lundahl and her adviser, Dr. Timothy Nelson, an assistant professor of psychology, sought a clear answer on when and whether parents realize their children are overweight.

To do this, Lundahl combined and analyzed data from 69 studies conducted worldwide between 1990 and 2012, involving children aged 2 to 18.

As found in an article published online in the journal Pediatrics, Lundahl found that more than 50 percent of parents underestimate the weight of their overweight or obese child.

“This is a topic that has a lot of implications for children and their weight,” Lundahl said.

“Parents who underestimate their children’s weight may not encourage healthy eating and physical activities that can optimize their children’s health and reduce their risk of obesity.”

“Surprisingly, parents’ perceptions about whether their children are overweight have not changed as childhood obesity rates increased,” Lundahl noted.

Nor are they influenced by obesity rates in the place where they live.

“No matter where you are and no matter what the rate of obesity is in that area, parents are still underestimating the weight of their overweight children,” she said.

Parents of younger children, ages 2 to 5, are less likely to perceive their children as overweight or obese.

“Perceptions grow more accurate with age,” Lundahl said. “Parents realize it’s not just baby fat any more and they’re not going to grow out of it.”

Parents also are less accurate in judging the size of their sons, believing that normal weight sons are actually underweight.

“There is a belief that boys are supposed to be big and strong,” she said. “”If they’re not a little bit bigger, they’re seen as being too small.”

Parents who are overweight were also found to underestimate their children’s weight.

“The study has important implications for pediatricians,” Nelson said. “Overweight 2- to 5-year-olds are five times more likely than their non-overweight counterparts to be overweight at 12 years of age.”

Obesity in adolescence is highly predictive of adult weight problems.

“The cases that are missed by parents are actually really unfortunate because those are the cases where early intervention can have some good effects,” Nelson said.

“If pediatricians recognize that many parents don’t accurately judge whether their child has a weight problem, they can help parents improve their children’s health by encouraging healthy eating and physical activity,” Lundahl said.

Source: University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Parents with overweight child photo by shutterstock.

Many Parents Slow to Realize a Child is Overweight

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Many Parents Slow to Realize a Child is Overweight. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 26, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 5 Feb 2014)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
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