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Impulse Control Difficulties Linked to Diabetes

Impulse Control Difficulties Linked to DiabetesNew research suggests impulse control disorders such as eating disorders, as well as depression, are risk factors for diabetes.

The research, by Dr Peter de Jonge, University of Groningen, Netherlands, and colleagues has been published in Diabetologia (the journal of The European Association for the Study of Diabetes).

While previous studies have explored the associations between diabetes and depression, most have been conducted in Europe and the U.S. But diabetes and depression vary in prevalence worldwide, and more global studies are needed.

Secondly, and the authors say more importantly, depression often co-occurs with several other mental health disorders — not only with anxiety disorders, but also with alcohol abuse, eating disorders, and the like.

The new study uses the World Mental Health Surveys to examine the associations between a wide range of DSM-IV mental disorders and diabetes diagnosis.

This approach enabled them to investigate the association between first onset of mood, anxiety, impulse control (including eating disorders) and substance use disorders with diabetes diagnosis in a large international sample, with data coming from 19 countries.

More than 50,000 participants were included in the analysis. The authors identified 2,580 cases of adult-onset diabetes (diagnosed in those aged 21 years and over).

Although all 16 DSM-IV disorders were associated with diabetes diagnosis, the same was not true after adjustment for the presence of other mental health conditions.

After this adjustment, only depression, intermittent explosive disorder, binge eating disorder, and bulimia nervosa independently increased the risk of diabetes diagnosis.

While the association between depression and diabetes is within the range reported in other meta-analyses, the authors say the association between impulse control disorders (including eating disorders) and diabetes has not been reported before.

“While the estimates of prevalence for these mental health disorders vary at a population level, effective interventions to prevent these conditions might ultimately,” suggest the authors, “prevent substantial numbers of diabetes diagnoses.”

The authors conclude: “Our findings thus suggest that the focus on depression in the context of diabetes prediction is warranted, but this focus may be extended to impulse control disorders.”

Source: Diabetologia

 
Diabetes sign photo by shutterstock.

Impulse Control Difficulties Linked to Diabetes

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Impulse Control Difficulties Linked to Diabetes. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 25, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2014/02/03/impulse-control-difficulties-linked-to-diabetes/65390.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.