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‘Intuitive’ Training Improves Math Scores

'Intuitive Training Improves Math ScoresTraining students to quickly view unequal objects or patterns, then instinctively predict which group has more of a particular item, can be an effective method to improve math scores.

In a new study, researchers report that practicing this kind of simple, intuitive numerical exercise improved children’s ability to solve math problems.

“We wanted to know how basic intuitions about numbers relate to mathematics development,” said University of Illinois psychology professor Dr. Daniel Hyde.

“Specifically we wanted to know whether thinking intuitively about numbers, such as approximating and comparing sets without counting, helps in actually doing math.”

To test this, the researchers asked first-graders to practice tasks that required them to approximate, or roughly evaluate the number of objects in a set without counting them.

Other children did tasks such as comparing the brightness of two objects or adding the lengths of lines.

Children who practiced evaluating the number of objects performed better on arithmetic tests immediately afterward than did their counterparts who evaluated other qualities of objects, Hyde said.

“These results showed that brief practice with tasks requiring children to guess or intuit the number of objects actually improved their arithmetic test performance,” he said.

Additional experiments helped the team rule out other factors–such as greater motivation or level of cognitive engagement–that might contribute to the guessers’ enhanced math performance.

The researchers also varied the difficulty of the arithmetic tests to see if the benefits of practicing intuitive judgments about the number of objects enhanced the children’s speed or accuracy, or both.

“For easier problems, where all children are very accurate, those who practiced engaging what we call their ‘intuitive sense of number’ performed roughly 25 percent faster than children practicing a control task,” Hyde said.

“For more difficult problems, children engaging their intuitive sense of number scored roughly 15 percentage points higher than those practicing a control task.

If this were a real quiz in school, these children would have scored about a letter grade and a half higher than those in the control conditions.”

Similar improvements were not seen on a verbal test, “suggesting the enhancing effect is specific to mathematics and is not due to general motivation or interest in the training task,” Hyde said.

“Previous studies have tested whether children who are better at intuitive number tasks also have higher math grades or perform better on math tests. There the answer is yes,” Hyde said.

“Our study is the first to provide a causal link in children. We showed that practice on these kinds of tasks actually causes better math performance in children.”

A report of the study appears in the journal Cognition.

Source: University of Illinois

 
Young student taking math test photo by shutterstock.

‘Intuitive’ Training Improves Math Scores

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). ‘Intuitive’ Training Improves Math Scores. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 17, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2014/01/30/intuitive-training-improves-math-scores/65193.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.