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Brain Adjusts to Emotional Mistakes

Brain Adjusts to Emotional MistakesAs investigators learn more about the way we perceive emotions, it becomes clear that we often have a biased view of the way others feel.

That is, when we are sad, we perceive the world to be sad with us. But when we are happy, everything is rosy.

The projection of one’s emotions onto others is well known to scientists. In fact, experts believe this trait is at the core of the ability to interpret and relate to others.

Nevertheless, emotional projections may lead to gross mistakes — an event called egocentricity bias in the emotional domain or EEB.

Experts are learning that when the brain perceives a mistaken interpretation has been made, cerebral mechanisms are activated.

Neuroscientists Giorgia Silani, Ph.D., and an international group of researchers, have identified an area in the brain involved in this process. The results were published on The Journal of Neuroscience.

In their experiments, researchers have first measured the likeliness of subjects to make these kinds of mistakes.

Then, thanks to functional magnetic resonance imaging, a cerebral area has been identified in which activity is clearly more intense when the subjects are making EEB mistakes. The responsible area is the right supramarginal gyrus, a relatively unknown location to social neurosciences.

In a third round of experiments, researchers have even tried to “sabotage” the activity of this cerebral area by temporarily shutting it down through transcranial magnetic stimulation, a harmless procedure which can silence the electrical activity of neurons.

Silani and colleagues observed that during “shutdowns,” the subjects made significantly more EEB mistakes than average, thus confirming the crucial role of this cerebral area.

“The results of our study,” Silani said, “show for the first time the physiological markers of highly adaptive social mechanisms, such as the ability to suppress our own emotional states in order to correctly evaluate those of others.

“Future research will allow us to understand how these abilities develop and decay over time, and how we can train them,”

Source: International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA)

Abstract of human brain photo by shutterstock.

Brain Adjusts to Emotional Mistakes

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Brain Adjusts to Emotional Mistakes. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 17, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2013/10/11/brain-adjusts-to-emotional-mistakes/60588.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.