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Eating Disorders Linked to Reproductive Problems

Eating Disorders Linked to Reproductive Problems A new study from Finland finds that women with eating disorders are less likely to have children than others in their age group.

The discrepancy is the most apparent in anorexia sufferers. In this group, the number of pregnancies was less than half of that of the control group.

Moreover, the likelihood of abortion was more than double for bulimics than for others in the same age group.

Investigators also discovered the likelihood for miscarriage was more than tripled for binge-eating disorder (BED) sufferers. For women who had been in treatment for BED, nearly half of their pregnancies ended in miscarriage.

Researchers say the findings illuminate the insidious impact of eating disorders.

“Early recognition, effective care and sufficiently long follow-up periods for eating disorders are crucial in the prevention of reproductive health problems,” said researcher Milla Linna from the University of Helsinki, Hjelt Institute.

Eating disorders are common in Western countries, particularly among girls and young women. It has been estimated that 5–10 percent of all young women in developed countries suffer from an eating disorder at some point in their lives.

Conducted jointly by the University of Helsinki and the National Institute for Health and Welfare, the 15-year register-based study examined the reproductive health of patients treated at the eating disorder clinic of the Helsinki University Central Hospital and a control group.

Members of the control group were of the same age and gender and from the same region as the patients. More than 11,000 women participated in the study, of which 2,257 were patients of the eating disorder clinic and 9,028 were control group members.

Researchers acknowledge that the study format was correlational rather than causative.

“This study does not provide an explanation for the reproductive health problems observed in women with eating disorders. Based on previous research, however, it seems likely that the problems can at least partially be attributed to the eating disorder,” said Linna.

“Both being underweight and obese are known to be associated with the increased risk of infertility and miscarriage. Eating disorders also often involve menstrual irregularities or the absence of menstruation, which may lead to neglecting contraception and ultimately to unwanted pregnancies.”

A follow-up study is currently under way, focusing on the course of the pregnancies and deliveries of women who have had eating disorders.

Source: University of Helsinki

Eating Disorders Linked to Reproductive Problems

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Eating Disorders Linked to Reproductive Problems. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 27, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 9 Oct 2013)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
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