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Music Soothes the Savage Beast… And Relieves Pain in Kids

Music Soothes the Savage Beast... And Relieves Pain in Kids New research discovers playing music in the emergency room can reduce pain in children when they receive a procedure.

In addition to reducing anxiety and perceived pain, music was found to improve satisfaction rates among children, parents and health-care providers.

Researchers conducted a clinical research trial of 42 children between the ages of 3 and 11 who came to the pediatric emergency department at Canada’s Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, and needed IVs.

Some of the children listened to music while getting an IV, while others did not.

Researchers measured the children’s distress, perceived pain levels and heart rates, as well as satisfaction levels of parents, and satisfaction levels of health-care providers who administered the IVs.

The trial took place between January 2009 and March 2010.

“We did find a difference in the children’s reported pain — the children in the music group had less pain immediately after the procedure,” said research team leader, Lisa Hartling, Ph.D.

“The finding is clinically important and it’s a simple intervention that can make a big difference. Playing music for kids during painful medical procedures would be an inexpensive and easy-to-use intervention in clinical settings.”

Study findings are published in the peer-reviewed journal JAMA Pediatrics.

The research showed that the children who listened to music reported significantly less pain, some demonstrated significantly less distress, and the children’s parents were more satisfied with care.

In the music listening group, 76 percent of health-care providers said the IVs were very easy to administer — a markedly higher number than the non-music group where only 38 per cent of health-care providers said the procedure was very easy.

Researchers also noticed that the children who had been born premature experienced more distress overall.

Hartling and her team hope to continue their research in this area, to see if music or other distractions can make a big difference for kids undergoing other painful medical procedures. The pain and distress from medical procedures can have “long-lasting negative effects” for children, note the researchers.

“There is growing scientific evidence showing that the brain responds to music and different types of music in very specific ways,” said Hartling. “So additional research into how and why music may be a better distraction from pain could help advance this field.”

The study noted that previous research has shown that the mood of the music, whether it has lyrics, and whether it is familiar to the listener could have an impact on pain perception as well.

This research trial was funded by the Women and Children’s Health Research Institute.

Source: University of Alberta

Child listening to music photo by shutterstock.

Music Soothes the Savage Beast… And Relieves Pain in Kids

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Music Soothes the Savage Beast… And Relieves Pain in Kids. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 14, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2013/07/17/music-soothes-the-savage-beast-and-relieves-pain-in-kids/57300.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.