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If Weight Gain Follows Smoking Cessation, Is it Worth it?

If Weight Gain Follows Smoking Cessation, Is it Worth it? Many women and men justify smoking because they do not want to be overweight or obese.

A new research study investigates the association between smoking, weight gain and cardiovascular risk among postmenopausal women with and without diabetes.

“Cigarette smoking is an important cause of cardiovascular disease, and smoking cessation reduces the risk. However, weight gain after smoking cessation may increase the risk of diabetes and weaken the benefit of quitting,” write Juhua Luo, Ph.D., of the Indiana University School of Public Health.

Researchers used data from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) to assess the association. In the WHI, 161,808 postmenopausal women 50 through 79 years of age were recruited from 40 sites between 1993 and 1998 and followed up every 6 to 12 months.

Women without known cancer or cardiovascular disease at baseline or CHD at year 3 were followed up until CHD diagnosis, date of death, loss to follow-up, or September 30, 2010, whichever occurred first.

Of 104,391 women followed up, 3,381 developed CHD, during an average of 8.8 years.

The researchers found that smoking cessation was associated with a lower risk of CHD among postmenopausal women with and without diabetes.

However, weight gain following smoking cessation weakened this association, especially for women with diabetes who gained 11 lbs. or more.

Researchers say more studies are necessary to study the association as the power to make statistical inference was limited due to the small number of cases.

Source: The JAMA Network Journals

If Weight Gain Follows Smoking Cessation, Is it Worth it?

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). If Weight Gain Follows Smoking Cessation, Is it Worth it?. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 18, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2013/07/03/if-weight-gain-follows-smoking-cessation-is-it-worth-it/56769.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.