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Little Evidence Supporting Most Treatments to Prevent PTSD

Little Evidence Supporting Most Treatments to Prevent PTSDExposure to trauma may cause an individual to experience some of the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), such as flashbacks, emotional numbing and difficulty sleeping.

Although millions of adults are exposed to traumatic events each year, researchers admit little is known about the effectiveness of treatments aimed at preventing posttraumatic stress symptoms.

In a new study, researchers looked into various forms of treatment to prevent PTSD after at least one traumatic event.

After reviewing 2,563 abstracts, the investigators found 19 studies that met the criteria for inclusion in the review. Only two psychotherapeutic treatments showed possible benefits for adults exposed to trauma.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in particular was found to be more effective than another type of therapy called supportive counseling for individuals exposed to a traumatic event and who meet the diagnostic criteria for another trauma-related syndrome, Acute Stress Disorder.

In addition, a type of therapy called collaborative care (care management, evidence-based pharmacologic interventions, and components of CBT) showed promise to reduce severity of symptoms based on one study.

“Unfortunately, because this body of evidence is so small, the generalizability of these findings is not known,” said researcher Catherine A. Forneris, Ph.D., A.B.P.P. “Much more research is needed before we can make definitive conclusions.”

Co-author Gerald Gartlehner, M.D., M.P.H., agrees, “Clinicians and patients have to be aware that while there are many treatments offered for the prevention of PTSD, many lack sufficient scientific evidence.”

The authors recommend immediate attention from funding agencies, clinicians, researchers, policymakers, and other public health authorities to support further, well-designed research that can broaden the evidence base.

They suggest that future studies expand their examination of the impact of trauma interventions to a wider range of outcomes such as risk-taking behaviors and suicidality and focus on longer-term indicators of development and functioning.

The article is published online by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Source: University of North Carolina Health Care

Man suffering from PTSD photo by shutterstock.

Little Evidence Supporting Most Treatments to Prevent PTSD

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Little Evidence Supporting Most Treatments to Prevent PTSD. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 19, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2013/04/03/little-evidence-supporting-most-treatments-to-prevent-ptsd/53365.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.