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Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Not Hinder Infant Growth After All

Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Not Hinder Infant Growth After AllNew research suggests taking commonly prescribed antidepressants during pregnancy does not impact an infant’s growth over the first year.

The finding should allay fears raised by earlier studies that suggested antidepressant treatment in pregnancy reduced growth during the first year. Depression during pregnancy, too, can hamper the infant’s growth.

Northwestern Medicine scientists studied the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, and found that infants born to mothers who took SSRIs during pregnancy had a similar weight, length and head circumference over the first year as infants born to non-depressed women who did not take antidepressants.

The infants whose mothers took antidepressants were shorter at birth, but the difference disappeared by two weeks of age.

In addition, growth measurements for the infants of depressed women who did not take SSRIs were similar to the general population.

“Most women want to know about the effect of their depressive illness or the medication they take during pregnancy not only on the infant at birth, but also on the baby’s longer-term growth and development,” said Northwestern Medicine lead author Katherine L. Wisner, M.D.

“This information may help women balance the risks and benefits of continuing their antidepressant treatment during pregnancy.”

Study results are published online in the American Journal of Psychiatry in Advance website and will be followed by print.

Researchers say that depression itself has negative impact on a mother’s and infant’s health as women who stop taking SSRIs near the time of conception have a high relapse rate.

Additionally, maternal prenatal stress and depression are linked to preterm birth and low infant birth weight, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Depression also affects a woman’s appetite, nutrition and prenatal care and is associated with increased alcohol and drug use. Untreated depression is also associated with a higher body mass index prior to conception – a factor that carries additional risks.

Source: Northwestern University

Pregnant woman taking medication photo by shutterstock.

Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Not Hinder Infant Growth After All

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Not Hinder Infant Growth After All. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 25, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2013/03/21/antidepressants-in-pregnancy-may-not-hinder-infant-growth-after-all/52854.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.