Home » News » Parenting » Higher Levels of Toxic Metals in Blood, Urine of Children with Autism

Higher Levels of Toxic Metals in Blood, Urine of Children with Autism

Children with autism tend to have higher levels of several toxic metals in their blood and urine compared to typically developing children, according to a recent study published in the journal Biological Trace Element Research.

Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication as well as by restricted and repetitive behavior.  An estimated 1 out of 54 boys and 1 in 252 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The study, conducted by researchers at Arizona State University, included 55 children with autism between the ages of 5-16 years as well as 44 controls of similar age and gender.

The findings showed that those in the autism group had much higher levels of lead in their red blood cells and significantly higher urinary levels of lead, thallium, tin, and tungsten.

Lead, thallium, tin, and tungsten are toxic metals that can damage brain development and function, and also interfere with the normal functioning of other body organs and systems.

The researchers conducted a statistical analysis to determine if the levels of toxic metals were linked to autism severity, using three different scales of autism severity.

They found that 38-47 percent of the variation of autism severity was associated with the level of several toxic metals, with cadmium and mercury being the most strongly linked.

In the report, the authors said, “We hypothesize that reducing early exposure to toxic metals may help ameliorate symptoms of autism, and treatment to remove toxic metals may reduce symptoms of autism; these hypotheses need further exploration, as there is a growing body of research to support it.”

The study was led by James Adams, Ph.D., a President’s Professor in the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy. He also directs the ASU Autism/Asperger’s Research Program.

Adams previously published a study on the use of DMSA, an FDA-approved drug for removing toxic metals. The research found that DMSA was generally safe and effective at removing some toxic metals and that DMSA therapy improved some symptoms of autism.

The greatest improvement was found in children with the highest levels of toxic metals in their urine.

Source: Arizona State University

Abstract image of autism photo by shutterstock.

Higher Levels of Toxic Metals in Blood, Urine of Children with Autism

Traci Pedersen

Traci Pedersen is a professional writer with over a decade of experience. Her work consists of writing for both print and online publishers in a variety of genres including science chapter books, college and career articles, and elementary school curriculum.

APA Reference
Pedersen, T. (2018). Higher Levels of Toxic Metals in Blood, Urine of Children with Autism. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 26, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 10 Mar 2013)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
Published on Psych All rights reserved.