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Therapy Helps Kids Rebound from PTSD

While most attention regarding post-traumatic stress disorder has focused on adults, a new study reviews treatment approaches designed to aid children with PTSD.

In a review published in The Cochrane Library, researchers determined children suffering from PTSD as a result of traumatic events, including child abuse, may benefit from psychological therapies.

Researchers used a technique called a systematic review whereby similar studies are combined to improve statistical analysis. Investigators discovered children and teenagers diagnosed with PTSD showed signs of improvement up to three months following treatment.

Adults who develop PTSD have usually experienced extreme traumatic events, such as abuse, war or natural disasters. In children, PTSD can lead to delayed development and behavioral problems.

More generally, it is associated with anxiety, depression and suicidal tendencies. As yet, there is no compelling evidence that prescribing drugs for PTSD works in children.

A number of psychological therapies are available, including supportive counseling and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which challenges negative thinking. However, no systematic review analyzing the potential benefits of these therapies has been undertaken until now.

The review focused on 14 studies that together involved 758 children aged 3-18 suffering from PTSD due to sexual abuse, violence, road accidents or natural disasters.

Most studies reported on the effects of weekly therapy sessions no longer than a month after treatment. Children who were given psychological therapies showed significant improvements, and anxiety, depression and PTSD symptoms were reduced.

“There is fair evidence for the effectiveness of psychological therapies, particularly cognitive-behavioral therapy, in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children,” said lead researcher Donna Gillies, Ph.D., of the Western Sydney Local Health District in Westmead, Australia.

“However, more effort needs to be devoted to increasing follow-up in children so we can understand whether these therapies are making a difference in the long-term.”

Overall, no one type of treatment was more effective than any other, but the positive effects of CBT were backed up by better evidence.

As a result, researchers suggest new studies to address the effects of different psychological therapies, as well as any differences or additive effects of drug treatment compared to psychological therapies.

“More trials comparing the various psychological therapies are required to find out whether specific psychological therapies are more effective for the treatment of PTSD in children and adolescents,” said Gillies.

Source: Wiley

Therapy Helps Kids Rebound from PTSD

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Therapy Helps Kids Rebound from PTSD. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 16, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2012/12/13/therapy-helps-kids-rebound-from-ptsd/49077.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.