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Blocking Memories to Relieve PTSD, Drug Addiction

Block Memories to Relieve PTSD, Drug Addiction Laboratory research suggests memories can potentially be blocked in the brain, reducing the recall of traumatic experiences associated with PTSD and the reward memories linked to drug addiction.

Researchers from Canada’s Western University used a rat model to study a region of the brain called the pre-limbic cortex. They found that stimulating a subtype of dopamine receptor called the “D1” receptor in this region could completely prevent the recall of both aversive and reward-related memories.

Furthermore, neuroscientists were also able to actively suppress the spontaneous recall of both types of memories, without permanently altering memories. The findings are published online in the journal Neuropharmacology.

“These findings are very important in disorders like PTSD or drug addiction. One of the common problems associated with these disorders is the obtrusive recall of memories that are associated with the fearful, emotional experiences in PTSD patients,” said Dr. Steven Laviolette, an associate professor in the departments of Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Psychiatry.

“And people suffering with addiction are often exposed to environmental cues that remind them of the rewarding effects of the drug. This can lead to drug relapse, one of the major problems with persistent addictions to drugs such as opiates.”

“So what we’ve found is a common mechanism in the brain that can control recall of both aversive memories and memories associated with rewarding experience in the case of drug addiction.”

“The precise mechanisms in the brain that control how these memories are recalled are poorly understood, and there are presently no effective treatments for patients suffering from obtrusive memories associated with either PTSD or addiction,” said Ph.D. candidate, Nicole Lauzon.

“If we are able to block the recall of those memories, then potentially we have a target for drugs to treat these disorders.”

“In the movie, ‘Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind,’ they attempted to permanently erase memories associated with emotional experiences,” adds Laviolette.

“The interesting thing about our findings is that we were able to prevent the spontaneous recall of these memories, but the memories were still intact. We weren’t inducing any form of brain damage or actually affecting the integrity of the original memories.”

Source: University of Western Ontario

Blocking Memories to Relieve PTSD, Drug Addiction

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Blocking Memories to Relieve PTSD, Drug Addiction. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 15, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2012/12/06/blocking-memories-to-relieve-ptsd-drug-addiction/48702.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.