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Can Computer Simulations Help Individuals Resolve Flaws?

Can Computer Simulations Help Individuals Resolve FlawsGiven the explosion of information technology and the expansion of virtual social networks, researchers are exploring the possibility that cyber characters can help an individual address and improve physical and psychosocial status.

Experts acknowledge that Internet-based interactive games and social media outlets have become intertwined with the physical realities of millions of people around the world.

When someone strongly identifies with the cyber representation of themselves, known as an avatar, the electronic doppelganger can influence that person’s health and appearance, according to a University of Missouri researcher’s study.

Conceptually, harnessing the power of the virtual world could lead to new forms of obesity treatment and help break down racial and sexual prejudices.

“The creation of an avatar allows an individual to try on a new appearance and persona, with little risk or effort,” said Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Ph.D., of the University of Missouri, lead investigator of the study.

“That alter ego can then have a positive influence on a person’s life. For example, people seeking to lose weight could create fitter avatars to help visualize themselves as slimmer and healthier.”

In Behm-Morawitz’s study, 279 users of a virtual reality community, Second Life, answered a questionnaire about their engagement with their avatar and relationships they developed online, as well as their offline health, appearance and emotional well-being.

Self-presence, or the degree to which users experienced their avatars as an extension of themselves, was found to predict the influence of the avatar on people’s physical reality.

A strong sense of self-presence in the social virtual world positively promoted health and well-being of study participants.

People with high degrees of self-presence in the cyber world reported that their experience with their avatar improved how they felt about themselves offline. Self-presence also correlated to greater satisfaction with online relationships.

“This study found no evidence of negative effects of a high degree of self-presence in the virtual world on study participants; however, that doesn’t rule out the possibility,” said Behm-Morowitz.

“Users should practice moderation. Virtual entertainment, like other forms of diversion such as books or television, can be used in unhealthy ways.”

Further research will look at how avatars may be used to encourage tolerance of diversity. A person’s race, gender or ethnicity can be altered in the virtual reality world and they can be put into simulated situations where they suffer prejudice and discrimination.

Avatars can create the modern version of the book “Black Like Me,” in which the Caucasian author darkened his skin to experience life as an African-American in the Deep South of the 1950s.

“I am also interested in studying how using an avatar with a different race or ethnicity may increase empathy and decrease prejudice,” said Behm-Morawitz.

“This may occur through the process of identification with an avatar that is different from oneself, or through a virtual simulation that allows individuals to experience discrimination as a member of a non-dominant group might experience it.”

The study is found in the journal Computers in Human Behavior.

Source: University of Missouri

Can Computer Simulations Help Individuals Resolve Flaws?

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Can Computer Simulations Help Individuals Resolve Flaws?. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 24, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2012/11/08/can-computer-simulations-help-individuals-resolve-flaws/47327.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.